Thaw, record hurricanes, heat and climate change also mark 2020


By CAPosts 21 November, 2020 - 06:16am 47 views

In October, the frozen layer of the Arctic was 36.8% lower than the measurements between 1981 and 2010.

© Provided by Milenio The year that is about to end is shaping up to break records in terms of global warming. (Special)

The year that is about to end is shaping up to break records in terms of global warming and, what is worse, it is very likely that we will have to get used to witnessing worse climatic situations annually.

According to the National Administration Agency In the United States Oceanic and Atmospheric (NOAA), 2020 will be the second hottest year in history and with the highest number of hurricanes.

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As if that were not enough, the NOAA —responsible for describing and predicting changes in the environment— reports that the Arctic polar ice reached historical lows for one month of October.

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In its report “An extraordinarily warm October paves the way for the second warmest year "warns that last month Arctic sea ice was 36.8 percent lower than the average recorded between 1981 and 2010." This figure exceeded the coverage to the historical minimum registered for the month of October established in 2019 ”.

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In addition, it details that between January 1 and October 31, the global temperature of the planet's surface was one degree centigrade higher than the average for the entire 20th century, making 2020 the second hottest year in history. The first place is in 2016, when the temperature was 1.03 degrees Celsius higher

The document draws attention to what it considers to be climate anomalies recorded this year, among which it stands out that Europe and Asia had their warmest year according to the temperatures recorded between January and October, and that South America and the Caribbean had the second warmest year according to climatic data obtained in the same period.

© Provided by Milenio Also in the oceans

But if all this were not enough, 2020 will go down in history as the year in which the most hurricanes were recorded.

Officially, on November 30, the hurricane season for the Pacific and Atlantic oceans will conclude. During this period a total of 30 storms of this type were registered.

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The number of hurricanes was so high that the names predicted for this year were exhausted. Arthur, Bertha, Cristóbal, Dolly, Edouard, Fay, Gonzalo, Hanna, Isaias, Josephine, Kyle, Laura, Marco, Nana, Omar, Paulette, Rene, Sally, Teddy, Vicky and Wilfred were insufficient, so they had to resorting to the Greek alphabet until arriving at Iota.

A similar situation had occurred only in 2005, when hurricanes had to be named with the first six letters of the Greek alphabet: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon and Zeta .

But never Before, as in 2020, natural phenomena of this type had to be baptized as Eta, Theta and Iota , which made landfall in Nicaragua on November 17.

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On this point, the World Meteorological Organization, which is part of the United Nations Organization, highlighted that for the first time in history, the Atlantic witnessed the formation of two powerful hurricanes in November ( Eta and Iota ), a month in which phenomena of this type are characterized by I don't know be powerful.

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Last May, the American Meteorological Society (AMS) published the study “Should we expect that each year of the next decade (2019-2028) will classify among the 10 warmest years in the world? ”, in which he warns that soon we will no longer be surprised to reach record warm temperatures in the world.

Directly, the text asks whether from now on we can anticipate that in the coming years we will see the worst rates of global warming. The study's response is not very hopeful: yes.

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Prepared by specialists Anthony Arguez, Shannan Hurley, Anand Inamdar, Laurel Mahoney, Ahira Sanchez-Lugo and Lilian Yang, the AMS study concludes that there is “a greater than 99 percent probability that every year between 2019 and 2028 will be the 10 warmest years in the history of the planet. ”

A projection that forces us to think about whether we are willing to allow it to happen.

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The number of storms exceeded the expected names for the year and the Greek alphabet was used.