By CAPosts 08 April, 2021 - 01:50pm
People with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) face problems in their social relationships, communication and behavior and have mild to very serious impairments to socialize.
© Provided by Millennium People with autism have difficulty socializing | shutterstock
People with autism generally have limited ability when trying to communicate and relate. They have difficulties in using or extracting the meaning of verbal and non-verbal communication (gestures, hands, eye contact, body and facial expressions). However, we must take into account that each person with autism spectrum disorder is affected differently, therefore, with the help of a specialist we tell them how to communicate with a person with ASD.
How to communicate with a person with autism
When communicating with people with ASD we must take into account that sometimes we have to repeat the information several times, since sometimes it is difficult for them to focus only on the information they receive. You should not speak with sarcasm or metaphors and your message to be communicated must be clear and direct.
Remember that people with autism tend to take things literally and it is difficult for them to recognize our non-verbal language. So we must understand that they have a different sensory perception and will avoid some stimuli due to sensitivity to some sounds, textures, smells and light intensity
When we observe that they are looking for a more intimate space, it is necessary to respect it, since it is likely that Some situation has generated anxiety or anguish. We have to sensitize ourselves to the fact that they have a different use of posture, tone of voice and gestures, that is to say that their non-verbal language is not in tune with their verbal language, and a different appreciation of social situations and empathy.
Given this, we can kindly ask what we observe and it has not been clear to us, remind him of some social rules or explain the situation more clearly. It is essential to provide information regarding the “context” in which they are, to help them know what is being referred to.
Children with autism
If there are children with ASD at home, we must establish an environment as structured as possible, which allows the less anticipate parts of routine or situations. When we want to go towards them, we must place ourselves at their height and try to have visual contact, if the child also allows it physical (touch their hand, shoulder, etc.)
Language must be clear and as adults we can support ourselves with visual resources. spatial, in addition to accompanying it with subtle gestures that are in tune with the verbal language; do not speak with metaphors or sarcasm. We can provide you with instruments or toys to facilitate verbal language
It is convenient to practice with the least conversational exchanges of different situations and with different family members. Every time the little one takes the initiative in a conversational exchange, we must reinforce it positively, in order to enhance communicative behavior. Sometimes, as adults we can act as mediators in relationships with their peers or with other family members, in this way we can also correct inappropriate behaviors, providing explanations for a better interaction
It is also important to give them the opportunity to ask for help when later If you try to solve a problem, you will not succeed, in this way you are invited to interact with others. It is necessary to support them in improving their communication skills, the younger the person with ASD is when starting treatment, the prognosis will be more favorable, since apart from favoring their communication, we will also support them in solving behavior problems, management of emotions, social relationships, cognitively, among other areas and the family will be provided with the appropriate tools for stimulation at home and the management of situations they may face.
We appreciate the collaboration of Ms. Diana Benhumea Rojas , psychologist, for sharing information for the development of this article.
© Provided by Milenio
With information from Doctoranytime