A Vaccine Success in Europe That Sinks in the East

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The New York Times 07 September, 2021 - 11:15am 28 views

5 Places You Can't Go If You're Unvaccinated | Best Life

Best Life 07 September, 2021 - 12:05pm

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Showing proof of vaccination is now mandatory here.

As the weather turns colder, you may be looking forward to dining in at your favorite establishments, but you'll need to show proof of vaccination in order to eat at some restaurants. Last month, New York Mayor Bill de Blasio announced that vaccination will be a requirement at all New York City restaurants, effective as of Aug. 13. Other dining destinations in major cities such as New Orleans, San Francisco, and Philadelphia have instituted mandatory proof of vaccination policies as well.

But experts are also cautioning unvaccinated individuals to stay away from dine-in restaurants, even if no such requirement exists. "What I would say bluntly is: If you are not vaccinated right now in the United States, you should not go into a bar, you should probably not eat at a restaurant. You are at great risk of becoming infected," Jonathan Reiner, MD, a medical analyst and professor of medicine and surgery at George Washington University, told CNN.

Vaccine requirements for certain concert venues have been popping up more and more lately, prompting unvaccinated individuals to miss out on upcoming events. Two of the largest music concert promoters, AEG and Live Nation, have each announced vaccine requirements for guests starting next month, but some venues are already enforcing these measures. As of Oct. 4, Live Nation-owned venues will have to require concertgoers to show vaccination proof or a recent negative COVID test, but AEG will only allow proof of vaccination by Oct. 1.

Other musical artists have announced their own requirements for upcoming shows and tours, like the Eagles, who will only admit fully vaccinated attendees to their concert on Nov. 5 in Seattle. Sean Agnew, co-owner of Union Transfer, a concert venue in Pennsylvania, told Philadelphia Magazine that other artists have said they won't accept anything but proof of vaccination, with no testing alternatives. "They only want to play to an entirely vaccinated crowd," he said.

If you're planning any upcoming travel, you may need to be vaccinated, as some hotels across the U.S. have started requiring guests to get the shot before checking in. According to The New York Times, hotels currently enforcing this include The PUBLIC Hotel in New York City; the Urban Cowboy Lodge in Big Indian, New York; and Pilgrim House in Provincetown, Massachusetts. Both the Equinox Hotel and the Wythe Hotel in New York City will also be enforcing vaccine requirements as of Sept. 13.

These requirements are happening outside of the contiguous U.S. Puerto Rico issued an island-wide mandate in August requiring that all guests and staff at all hotels, guesthouses, and short-term rentals like Airbnb provide proof of vaccination or a negative PCR or rapid test taken 72 hours before arrival. And Elite Island Resorts, which has several hotel locations in the Caribbean, started mandating guests be vaccinated on Sept. 1.

"After weighing all the choices, issues and concerns, mandating vaccines was the wisest option in protecting the critical tourism industry of these beloved destinations that are so crucial to the survival of so many employees, and the only way we will be able to keep travel and tourism going strong throughout the fall and winter," Elite Island Resorts founder and CEO Robert A. Barrett wrote in a statement.

With anywhere from hundreds to thousands of students in one space, many higher education institutions are only admitting vaccinated students on campus for the fall semester. According to The Chronicle of Higher Education, more than 1,000 colleges and universities are requiring vaccines for at least some students or employees, as of Sept. 2. This includes Harvard University, the University of Southern California, and Northwestern.

Some institutions have even gone as far as to disenroll unvaccinated individuals. The University of Virginia (UVA) recently disenrolled about 240 students for not being fully vaccinated against the coronavirus, spokesperson Brian Coy told The Virginian-Pilot. Both Virginia Tech and Xavier also disenrolled unvaccinated students, while other institutions say that this is a possibility for students as part of their vaccine requirements. Chi-Chung Keung, a campus spokesperson for Cal State Fullerton, told CalMatters that failure to comply in the school's vaccination requirement "could result in disenrollment from class," while Humboldt State said that unvaccinated students will be blocked from school access and their missed labs and classes "will not be forgiven."

Various kinds of theaters across the U.S. are also requiring proof of vaccination now. Some movie theaters in major cities such as New York City, Portland, New Orleans, and San Francisco have already announced vaccine requirements, some in compliance with city-wide mandates. And in New York, Broadway theaters are also requiring proof of vaccination.

After more than a year of being shutdown, the owners and operators of all 41 Broadway theaters in the city agreed to mandate vaccinations for audience members, performers, backstage crew, and theater staff for all performances through Oct. 2021. For shows in November and on, the association says they will be reviewing policies in September in order to decide whether or not they will be extending this order.

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Europe welcomes a double dose of good Covid figures

The Times 06 September, 2021 - 06:01pm

There is a new wave of optimism sweeping Europe as Covid-19 cases decline in many countries and vaccination rates equal or overtake the UK’s.

Infection rates are dropping in many countries, with the European Union’s seven-day average of per capita cases only a fifth of Britain’s.

The UK has 53 cases per 100,000 people, against only 11 per 100,000 for the EU as a whole, according to the Financial Times’s Covid-19 tracker.

Spain recorded an average of 13.9 new daily cases per 100,000 people over the past week, falling from a high of 80 in late July.

France had a summer surge of more than 35 cases per 100,000 a day in mid-August, but that number dropped to 20.4 cases this week.

Covid vaccination rates have slumped in some parts of the world, and experts are worried

CNBC 06 September, 2021 - 12:21am

When coronavirus vaccines were developed, trialed and authorized for emergency use in record time, millions of people eagerly awaited the protection and peace of mind they afforded.

But around nine months after vaccination rollouts began in the West there has been a slowdown in some national and state-wide immunization drives across the U.S. and Europe.

This slowdown, combined with a slow uptake in some areas, is worrying experts. Particularly as many Covid preventative measures have been relaxed and cases are rising in both the U.S. and parts of Europe.

"The stagnation in vaccine uptake in our region is of serious concern," Dr. Hans Kluge, regional director of WHO's European region, said in a press statement last week.

"Now that public health and social measures are being relaxed in many countries, the public's vaccination acceptance is crucial if we are to avoid greater transmission, more severe disease, an increase in deaths and a bigger risk that new variants of concern will emerge."

He said there had been 64 million confirmed cases and 1.3 million deaths in the region, which comprises 53 countries ranging from those in Western Europe to Russia and its surrounding countries. Kluge added that 33 countries in the region had reported a greater-than-10% increase in their 14-day case incidence rate.

"This high transmission is deeply worrying — particularly in the light of low vaccination uptake in priority populations in a number of countries," Kluge said. 

"In the past 6 weeks, vaccination uptake in the region has slowed down, influenced by a lack of access to vaccines in some countries and a lack of vaccine acceptance in others. As of today, only 6% of people in lower and lower-middle-income countries in our region have completed a full vaccination series."

Vaccination programs kicked off late last year in both Europe and the U.S. at varying speeds. While the U.K. and U.S. were quick to start vaccinating the elderly and health care workers, the EU's drive was more sluggish as a result of late ordering, supply constraints and contentions over clinical data (mainly with the AstraZeneca shot) hindering the progress of some rollouts in the EU.

These teething problems have largely been ironed out, however, and now a large proportion of adults and young people in the U.S. and Europe are fully vaccinated.

To date, 69.2% of adults in the EU are now fully vaccinated, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (although the European Commission announced last Tuesday that it reached its goal of vaccinating 70% of the EU's adult population).

In the U.K., 79.8% of all over-16s are fully vaccinated and in the U.S., 62% of the population over the age of 12 is fully vaccinated, according to the U.S.' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Vaccinating millions at short notice and under pressure during a public health crisis is an undeniable achievement, but as vaccination drives have progressed, they have slowed down in a number of countries, figures from Our World in Data show.

In April, the U.S. hit a peak in its vaccination program, administering around 3 million Covid shots per day for several weeks and hitting a single-day record of administering 4.6 million vaccine doses on April 10 but this rate slowed dramatically soon after and has only started to pick up in August.

As of August 26, the seven-day average number of administered vaccine doses reported to the CDC per day was 877,756. As of September 2, the 7-day average number of administered vaccine doses reported per day has ticked upwards to 906,992.

The sharp slowdown in vaccinations in early summer led to the U.S. reaching President Biden's target of giving one dose to 70% of all adults by July 4 a month late, with the milestone hit instead on August 2. The miss was largely attributed to younger adults, aged between 18-29, not coming forward for their shots.

"The country has more work to do... particularly with 18- to 26-year-olds," White House COVID-19 senior adviser Jeffrey Zients said in late June when it became apparent the target would be missed. "The reality is many younger Americans have felt like Covid-19 is not something that impacts them, and they've been less eager to get the shot."

Likewise, in Europe, there has been a lower (and slower) uptake among young adults and, again, this has been attributed to a more relaxed attitude among young people toward Covid. They are at much less risk than older people from hospitalization and death, and the reopening of societies this summer looks to have removed the incentive to get immunized for some.

As the U.S.' vaccination rollout has progressed, the divergence in vaccination rates across the U.S. has become more pronounced, varying widely across the country with southern states tending to lag behind their northern counterparts. Some states have been encouraged by the president to offer cash incentives in a bid to attract people to get a shot.  

A slowdown in vaccination rates is worrying because it allows the virus to spread. This, in turn, could allow new variants to emerge, which could weaken the efficacy of the existing Covid vaccines.

The U.S. has been experiencing the spread of the highly infectious delta Covid variant this summer. It has been particularly virulent in states with low vaccination coverage, such as Louisiana, Idaho and Mississippi, where the state's top health official said in early August that the virus was sweeping across the state "like a tsunami."

Experts say there is no one reason for the slowdown in vaccinations, given that vaccine supply is not currently an issue in the U.S. or Europe.

While younger people might not feel a pressing need to get vaccinated, others are still refusing vaccines due to concerns about the long-term safety of rapidly-developed shots. This is despite health agencies and experts backing the Covid jabs as "stunningly effective."

As vaccination drives progress, those refusing the shot are likely to become more conspicuous, one epidemiologist told CNBC.

"My gut feeling is it's a combination of all of the obvious — considering how much better vaccine uptake everywhere has been relative to opinion poll expectations in the early days (remember some of the dire predictions from the USA and France?), we may now be left with the residual refuseniks who, through age-group and belief, may be among the hardline objectors," Danny Altmann, a professor of immunology at Imperial College London, told CNBC on Tuesday.

There is a wide divergence in rates of Covid vaccine acceptance and hesitancy in the U.S. and Europe.  Vaccine uptake is traditionally high in the U.K. and Spain, a factor that has facilitated Covid vaccination programs, while France has seen a much more pervasive hesitancy toward the Covid vaccine.

Vaccination rates differ wildly across Europe currently, with eastern and southern European countries, Russia and its neighbors all lagging behind their western European counterparts.

Covid vaccine hesitancy remains highest in Russia and the U.S., according to the latest vaccine tracking poll from Morning Consult, which conducts over 75,000 weekly interviews across 15 countries on the Covid vaccine rollout.

The latest data, based on surveys conducted between Aug. 17-Aug. 23 (and with 45,604 interviews conducted in America) showed that Russia and the U.S. still have the highest rates of vaccine opposition among all the countries surveyed. Some 31% of Russians said they were unwilling to get the Covid vaccine (and a further 16% were uncertain over whether to receive it) and 18% of Americans polled unwilling to get the shot, with a further 10% uncertain.

Meanwhile, millions of people in other countries have no choice whether to receive a Covid vaccine or not. Although 40.3% of the world's population has received at least one dose of a Covid-19 vaccine, only 1.8% of people in low-income countries have received at least one dose, according to Our World in Data.

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