Huge and opaque 'something' dims a giant star


EarthSky 23 June, 2021 - 07:01am 33 views

When is the Strawberry Moon 2021?

The full moon will reach peak illumination on Thursday, June 24, at 2:40 p.m. ET, but won't be visible until it rises above the horizon later that evening. It will appear full for about three days surrounding this time, from about Wednesday morning through Saturday morning. News On 6How To Watch The Full 'Strawberry' Moon — The Last Supermoon Of 2021

From a lunar eclipse to a partial solar eclipse to supermoons, 2021 has been a spectacular year for lunar events. But this month marks the year's final supermoon, with the full "strawberry" moon illuminating the night sky next week. 

A supermoon occurs when the moon is at its closest point to Earth in its orbit, known as perigee. It appears slightly larger and brighter than a typical full moon. However, scientists have yet to agree on exactly how to officially classify the phenomenon, so there is some disagreement as to whether June's moon counts as a supermoon.

"For 2021, some publications consider the four full Moons from March to June, some the three full Moons from April to June, and some only the two full Moons in April and May as supermoons," NASA's Gordon Johnston said

The June full moon is often called the strawberry moon, named by Native American tribes for the strawberries harvested in parts of North America during this time of year, according to the Farmer's Almanac. Unfortunately, the moon's color won't match its name. 

The strawberry moon typically marks the last full moon of spring or the first of summer. It has also been called the blooming moon, green corn moon, hoer moon, birth moon, egg laying moon and hatching moon, honey moon and mead moon, The Farmer's Almanac said. 

The phrase "honeymoon" may be tied to this full moon, possibly due to the tradition of marrying in June or because the "honey moon" is the "sweetest" moon of the year.

The full moon will reach peak illumination on Thursday, June 24, at 2:40 p.m. ET, but won't be visible until it rises above the horizon later that evening. It will appear full for about three days surrounding this time, from about Wednesday morning through Saturday morning. 

You can find the exact moonrise and moonset times for your location from

Don't have a clear view of the celestial event from your location? You can watch it live from your home instead, with Virtual Telescope Project's livestream of the moon over Rome on June 24, starting at 3 p.m. ET.

Read full article at EarthSky

Long days and long moon shadows 24 June, 2021 - 03:02pm

Being so far north, the sun takes the longest, highest arc across our sky, providing us with the maximum amount of daylight, more than 15 hours and 29 minutes of daylight here in Rochester. The sun will achieve a midday altitude of nearly 70 degrees above the southern horizon. Because of that, you’ll cast your shortest midday shadow of the year. Like it or not, from now until the winter solstice in late December, daylight hours gradually decline.

The longest days of the year obviously translate to the shortest nights, making it really tough on die-hard stargazers. It’s a late-night affair that’s compounded with more extended evening and morning twilights in our northern latitude. So, summer stargazing requires an afternoon nap, at least for old star-geezers like me.

This first week of summer is really tough, because we have a full moon whitewashing the summer sky. It’s an official full moon on Thursday, but it’s close to being full most of this week. Many of us keep the telescopes in the barn during full moons.

Don’t get me wrong. The full moon rising in the southeastern sky this time of year is a thing to behold. One of my greatest pleasures during full summer moons is to get a campfire going in my backyard and watch the moon climb above the horizon. I love to look for the face of the man on the moon, although my favorite is the poodle on the moon on the upper right half of the rising moon. Once you’ve spotted the lunar pooch, you’ll never forget it!

Whatever you’re looking for on the moon, it’ll be a little easier this month because we have another supermoon. It’s the final one of 2021. Since the full moon is a little closer than average to the Earth this month, it will appear a little larger and brighter in the sky. Despite the title, a supermoon is only 7% larger and 15% brighter than an average full moon. The supermoon hoopla is a product of astrology and hype-happy media.

Super or not, full moons this time of year don’t rise very high in the sky. They take the same low arc across the southern sky, as the sun does as winter begins. This makes sense, because the sun and any full moon are on opposite sides of the sky.

Around the summer solstice, the maximum height of the full moon in the midnight hour is the lowest of the year. Around here, it’s less than 25 degrees above the southern horizon. That makes your shadow from the midnight light of the full moon the longest of the year.

This week, the moon journeys through one of my favorite constellations, Scorpius the Scorpion. Scorpius is one of the rare constellations that actually resembles what it’s supposed to be.

The only problem is that it’s hard to see the entire body of the scorpion because it never rises all that high in Minnesota and Western Wisconsin. You can see the Scorpion's head and torso, but seeing the tail and stinger can be a problem. Scorpius is best seen in the southern part of the U.S., where it climbs higher in the southern sky.

Last Supermoon of 2021, the Strawberry Moon, Is Ready to Illuminate the Night Sky

Home - WSFX 24 June, 2021 - 03:02pm

The June full moon, sometimes called the “strawberry moon,” according to the Farmer’s Almanac, was given its name by Native American tribes for the strawberries harvested in parts of North America during this time of year, CBS News reported

The term "supermoon" is used to refer to the full moon when it is at or near its closest point to Earth in its elliptical orbit around our planet. When this takes place, a supermoon can look slightly larger and brighter than a regular full moon, CNET reported.

How to best identify the celestial event has been an ongoing discussion among scientists.

”For 2021, some publications consider the four full moons from March to June, some the three full Moons from April to June, and some only the two full Moons in April and May, as supermoons," NASA program executive Gordon Johnston said in April.

For those looking to catch a glimpse of this phenomenon, the full moon will reach peak illumination on Thursday, June 24, at 2:40 p.m. ET, but won't be visible until it rises above the horizon later that evening.

The moon will appear full from early Wednesday morning through early Saturday morning, making it ideal for multiple viewings, experts said. For those who want to get the closest view possible, a telescope or binoculars are suggested.

Spectators can find the exact moonrise and moonset times for their location from Or, they can watch it live from their home with Virtual Telescope Project's livestream of the moon over Rome on June 24, starting at 3 p.m. ET.

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How to see the full "strawberry" moon — the last supermoon in 2021 24 June, 2021 - 03:02pm

A supermoon occurs when the moon is in its orbit closest to the earth. This is called Perigi. It looks slightly larger and brighter than a typical full moon. However, scientists have not yet agreed exactly how to officially classify this phenomenon, so there is disagreement as to whether the June month counts as a supermoon.

NASA’s Gordon Johnston said, “In 2021, only four full moons from March to June, three full moons from April to June, and two full moons in April and May will be supermoons. There are also publications to look forward to. ”

According to Farmers’ Almanac, the full moon in June is often referred to as the Strawberry Moon, named after the Native American tribe after the strawberries harvested in parts of North America during this period. Unfortunately, the color of the moon does not match its name.

Aditya Irawan via Getty Images / NurPhoto

The phrase “honeymoon” may be associated with this full moon, probably because of the tradition of getting married in June, or because “honeymoon” is the “sweetest” month of the year.

You can find the exact moonrise and moonset times for your location from

Can’t you see the celestial phenomenon clearly from your place? Instead, you can watch it live from home using the live stream of the Moon over Rome by the Virtual Telescope Project, which begins at 3:00 pm EST on June 24th.

How to see the full “strawberry” moon — the last supermoon in 2021

Source link How to see the full “strawberry” moon — the last supermoon in 2021

June's Strawberry Moon is visible tonight - here's what time it will peak and full moon dates for 2021 24 June, 2021 - 03:02pm

So named for the beginning of strawberry picking season, June's full moon is synonymous with warmer climes. But when and how can you see it?

Here we've compiled a complete guide to the Moon, Earth's only natural satellite and the largest and brightest object in our night sky, which has enchanted and inspired mankind for centuries.

From supermoon to blue moon, here's everything explained in one place.

The next full moon, otherwise known as the Strawberry Moon, is set to grace our skies on June 24

The next Strawberry Moon will not be visible for nearly a year.

A full moon occurs every 29.5 days and happens when the Moon is completely illuminated by the Sun's rays. It occurs when the Earth is directly aligned between the Sun and the Moon. 

While most years see 12 full moons, some years have 13. This means that some months will see two full moons, with the second known as a Blue Moon.

In 2020, 13 full moons graced our skies, with the second of two full moons in October named as the Blue Hunter's Moon. 

The early Native Americans didn't record time using months of the Julian or Gregorian calendar. Instead tribes gave each full moon a nickname to keep track of the seasons and lunar months.

Most of the names relate to an activity or an event that took place at the time in each location. However, it wasn't a uniform system and tribes tended to name and count moons differently. Some, for example, counted four seasons a year while others counted five. Others defined a year as 12 moons, while others said there were 13.

Colonial Americans adopted some of the moon names and applied them to their own calendar system which is why they're still in existence today, according to the Farmer’s Almanac.

This full moon is named after the beginning of the strawberry picking season. It is also known as Rose Moon or Hot Moon, commemorating the start of the summer's warm weather.

It appears in the same month as the summer solstice, the longest day of the year (June 21), in which we can enjoy 16 hours and 38 minutes of daylight.

When? June 24. The Strawberry Moon is expected to reach its peak at 7.39 BST tonight.

Named due to the prevalence of summer thunder storms. It's otherwise known as the Full Buck Moon because at this time of the year a buck's antlers are fully grown. 

In 2019, the Thunder Moon was extra special because not only did it coincide with the partial lunar eclipse, it also fell on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission.

When? July 24

Tribes in North America typically caught Sturgeon around this time, but it is also when grain and corn were gathered so is sometimes referred to as Grain Moon. 

This full moon appears in the same month as the Perseid meteor shower, which peaks on August 12 and 13, and this year, a blue moon (the third full moon in a season with four full moon), will also take place on August 22.

When? August 22

The Harvest Moon is the name given to the first full moon that takes place closest to the Autumn equinox, which this year falls on September 22.

It was during September that most of the crops were harvested ahead of the autumn and this moon would give light to farmers so they could carry on working longer in the evening. Some tribes also called it the Barley Moon, the Full Corn Moon or Fruit Moon. 

When? September 21 

As people planned ahead for the cold months ahead, October's full moon came to signify the ideal time for hunting game, which were becoming fatter from eating falling grains. This full moon is also known as the Travel Moon and the Dying Grass Moon.

When? October 20

Beavers typically start building their winter dams around now, leading to this full moon moniker. It is also known as the Frost Moon as winter frosts historically began to take their toll during this time. 

In 2021, the Beaver Moon will coincide with a partial lunar eclipse, otherwise known as a Half Blood Moon.

When? November 19

Nights are long and dark and winter's grip tightens, hence this full moon's name. Falling in the festive season, it's also referred to as Moon before Yule and Long Nights Moon.

When? December 19

This full moon was named because villagers used to hear packs of wolves howling in hunger around this time of the year. It's also known as the Old Moon, Ice Moon and Snow Moon, although the latter is usually associated with February's full moon.

When? January 28

The Snow Moon is named after the cold white stuff because historically it's always been the snowiest month in America. It's also traditionally referred to as the Hunger Moon, because hunting was very difficult in snowy conditions.

When? February 27

As temperatures warm, earthworm casts begin to appear and birds begin finding food. It also has multiple other names including the Sap Moon, Crow Moon and Crust Moon, while its Anglo Saxon name is the Lenten Moon.

The Worm Moon graces our skies in the same month as the Spring Equinox, which fell on March 20 this year.

This full moon is important because it is used to fix the date of Easter, which is always the Sunday after the first full moon following the spring equinox. This year's Worm Moon is the first full moon to appear after the spring equinox, which means Easter Sunday fell one week later, on Sunday April 4.

When? March 28

April's full moon is known as the Pink Moon, but don't be fooled into thinking it will turn pink. It's actually named after pink wildflowers, which appear in North America in early spring.

It is also known as the Egg Moon, due to spring egg-laying season. Some coastal tribes referred to it as Fish Moon because it appeared at the same time as the shad swimming upstream. 

The Pink Moon appears during the same month as the Lyrid meteor shower and in 2021, it was also the first super full moon of the year.

When? April 27

Spring has officially sprung by the time May arrives, and flowers and colourful blooms dot the landscape.

This full moon is also known as Corn Planting Moon, as crops are sown in time for harvest, or Milk Moon, as May was previously known as the "Month of Three Milkings". 

In 2021, it appeared during the same month as a micro new moon, which took place on May 11 and saw the new moon at its furthest point from the Earth during its orbit.

This year's Flower Moon was also a super full moon, appearing up to 30 per cent brighter and 14 per cent bigger to the human eye.

When? May 26

A blood supermoon is a lunar eclipse which occurs during a full moon. This year, it appeared bigger and brighter, and for a number of minutes, appeared red on the same evening as the Flower Moon. 

An eclipse occurs when the Earth obscures the Moon from the Sun. However, for a blood moon, the satellite is only briefly obscured from the Sun by the Earth's shadow, meaning that light filters through the Earth's atmosphere, allowing only the long wavelengths, red and orange, to travel through and reflect from the Moon's surface back to Earth. 

Unfortunately, this phenomenon is only visible from certain parts of the world, with NASA saying that those in Hawaii having the best view. Those in California and the Pacific Northwest will also be able to admire it at around 2:45am PST. 

For those in the UK, it was not possible to see the Super Flower Bloodmoon in the sky. However, there were multiple live streams across YouTube broadcasting the event from 9:45am GMT.

A total lunar eclipse, otherwise known as a 'blood moon', occurs when the Moon moves into the Earth’s shadow. At the distance of the Moon, this shadow appears like the bull’s eye at the centre of a dartboard.

The umbral shadow slowly creeps across the Moon’s disc until it engulfs it completely. You might think the Moon would disappear from view at this point but this is typically not the case. The Earth’s atmosphere acts like a lens, refracting or bending the Sun's red light to infill the otherwise dark umbra. This results in the Moon's usual bright white hue transforming into a deep blood orange.

Space fans will remember that the last total lunar eclipse graced our skies on January 21, 2019. In total the celestial spectacle - which was also a full moon and a supermoon - lasted five hours, 11 minutes and 33 seconds, with its maximum totality peaking at 5:12am.

While the next total lunar eclipse is not set to take place in the UK until May 16, 2022, a partial lunar eclipse will grace our skies on November 19, 2021.

This type of eclipse takes place when the Earth moves between the Sun and the full moon, but they do not precisely form a straight line. If weather conditions are in our favour, half of the moon will appear in the sky with reddish glow.

Does this well-known phrase have anything to do with the Moon? Well, yes it does. We use it to refer to something happening very rarely and a blue moon is a rare occurrence.

A monthly blue moon is the name given to a second full moon that occurs in a single calendar month and this typically occurs only once every two to three years. In 2020, the Hunter's Moon on October 31 was a blue moon because it is the second full moon to occur in October.  

A seasonal blue moon describes the third of four full moons to occur in an astronomical season. In 2021, the Sturgeon Moon on August 22, will be a seasonal blue moon.

There's lots of other moons, too - how many do you know?

Full moon: We all know what these are. They come around every month and light up the sky at night.

New moon: Sometimes known as the invisible phase, as it generally can't be seen in the sky. It's when the Sun and Moon are aligned, with the Sun and Earth on opposite sides of the Moon. As a result, the side of the Moon that faces the Earth is left in complete darkness. 

Black moon: Most experts agree that this refers to the second new moon in a calendar month, while some use the term to describe the third new moon in a season of four new moons. The last black moon took place on August 19, 2020.

Blood moon: Also known as a total lunar eclipse. It's when the shadow of Earth casts a reddish glow on the moon, the result of a rare combination of an eclipse with the closest full moon of the year.  There was one in the UK in January 2019, with the next one set to be visible over South America, North America and parts of Europe and Africa on May 16, 2022. Space fans in the UK won't be able to see every phase of this eclipse, but should be able to see it at totality when the Moon appears with a reddish-orange glow. 

Ever looked up at the night sky to see a full moon so close you could almost touch it? Well you've probably spotted a supermoon.

The impressive sight happens when a full moon is at the point in its orbit that brings it closest to Earth. To us Earth-lings, it appears up to 30 per cent brighter and 14 per cent bigger. 

Supermoon is not an astrological term though. It's scientific name is actually Perigee Full Moon, but supermoon is more catchy and is used by the media to describe our celestial neighbour when it gets up close.

Astrologer Richard Nolle first came up with the term supermoon and he defined it as "… a new or full moon which occurs with the moon at or near (within 90 per cent of) its closest approach to Earth in a given orbit", according to

Two super full moons are set to grace our skies in 2021. One appeared on April 27, with the next supermoon appearing on May 26. 

Two super new moons will also take place on November 4 and December 4, but we won't be able to see these lunar events as new moons are invisible to the naked eye.

Head outside at sunset when the Moon is closest to the horizon and marvel at its size. As well as being closer and brighter, the Moon (clouds permitting) should also look orange and red in colour.

Why? Well, as moonlight passes through the thicker section of the atmosphere, light particles at the red end of the spectrum don't scatter as easily as light at the blue end of the spectrum.

So when the Moon looks red, you're just looking at red light that wasn't scattered. As the Moon gets higher in the sky, it returns to its normal white/yellow colour. 

Yes. When full or new moons are especially close to Earth, it leads to higher tides. Tides are governed by the gravitational pull of the Moon and, to a lesser extent, the Sun. Because the Sun and Moon go through different alignments, this affects the size of the tides.

Only 12 people have ever walked on the Moon and they were all American men, including (most famously) Neil Armstrong who was the first in 1969 on the Apollo 11 mission. 

The last time mankind sent someone to the Moon was in 1972 when Gene Cernan visited on the Apollo 17 mission.

Although Armstrong was the first man to walk on the Moon, Buzz Aldrin was the first man to urinate there. While millions watched the Moon Landing on live television, Aldrin was forced to go in a tube fitted inside his space suit.

When the astronauts took off their helmets after their moonwalk, they noticed a strong smell, which Armstrong described as “wet ashes in a fireplace” and Aldrin as “spent gunpowder”. It was the smell of moon-dust brought in on their boots.

The mineral, armalcolite, discovered during the first moon landing and later found at various locations on Earth, was named after the three Apollo 11 astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins.

An estimated 600 million people watched the Apollo 11 landing live on television, a world record until 750 million people watched the wedding of the Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer in 1981.

One of President Nixon’s speechwriters had prepared an address entitled: “In Event of Moon Disaster”. It began: “Fate has ordained that the men who went to the moon to explore in peace will stay to rest in peace.” If the launch from the Moon had failed, Houston was to close down communications and leave Armstrong and Aldrin to their death.  

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ATLANTIC SKIES: Why is the June full moon known as the 'strawberry' moon? | Saltwire

SaltWire Network 24 June, 2021 - 03:02pm

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Although Atlantic Canada is still a few weeks away from strawberry season, the full moon on June 24 is sometimes referred to as the "strawberry moon."

This name is said to have originated with the native indigenous peoples of eastern North America, who named it for the wild strawberries that began to appear around this time.

Full moons are often given names by various cultures according to what event (usually one related to nature) is occurring around them during the time of the full moon. June's full moon is also sometimes known as the "egg-laying moon," the "rose moon," the "blooming moon" and the "green corn moon."

As the moon's light passes through a greater portion of the Earth's atmosphere when the moon rises or sets, the moon can, upon occasion, appear an orangish-yellow or even a dusty pink colour.

Depending on which definition you choose to recognize regarding what constitutes a "supermoon" - the broad (astrological) definition is that a supermoon is a new or full moon that occurs near lunar perigee (the moon's closest approach to Earth) or the strict (astronomical) definition that a supermoon is the new or full moon closest to the Earth for a given year (such as the May 26 full moon), then the June 24 full moon could be considered a supermoon by some. In which case, it is the last supermoon of the year. Occurring as it does after the Summer Solstice on June 21, it is also our first full moon of summer.

The full moon rises on June 24 in the southeast around 9:45 p.m. ADT. Although the actual full moon phase occurs several hours prior (3:40 p.m. ADT) to moonrise, there will not be any perceptible difference in the size or brightness of the moon between the full phase and the moon's rising; it will, however, be brighter and slightly larger than a normal full moon.

As the moon's light passes through a greater portion of the Earth's atmosphere when the moon rises or sets, the moon can, upon occasion, appear an orangish-yellow or even a dusty pink colour. Such occasions are most often the result of increased amounts of volcanic ash or dust particles from dust storms (such as the one from the Sahara Desert in Africa currently impacting eastern North America) in the atmosphere, which tends to bend the light more towards the red end of the colour spectrum.

However, despite its delectable name, the June 24 full moon will not appear a delicious strawberry-red.

Mercury is once again too close to the sun to be observable. Venus (magnitude -3.9, look for it in Gemini - the Twins), our "evening star", becomes visible eight degrees above the northwest horizon as dusk gives way to darkness, before setting by about 10:35 p.m. ADT.

Mars (magnitude +1.8, visible in Cancer - the Crab) is a bit more difficult to pick out of the western evening sky, appearing approximately 10 degrees above the western horizon by about 9:30 p.m. before setting in the west-northwest around 10:55 p.m. ADT.

Bright Jupiter (magnitude -2.6, seen in Aquarius - the Waterbearer) rises in the southeast around 12:25 a.m. ADT, reaching approximately 31 degrees above the southern horizon before fading from view with the approaching dawn shortly before 5 a.m. ADT.

Saturn (magnitude +0.5, look for it in Capricornus - the Sea Goat) becomes visible 10 degrees above the southeast horizon by about 12:45 a.m. ADT, reaching a height of 26 degrees above the horizon before it's lost to the dawn twilight by about 4:35 a.m. ADT.

Look for the waning, gibbous moon below Saturn in the pre-dawn sky on June 27.

Clarification: Accompanying last week's Atlantic Skies column, an illustration was used to explain the summer solstice. The illustration showed the earth tilted the wrong way.

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