Monkeypox: Ohioans may have been exposed to ‘potentially serious’ virus on recent flights

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WHIO Radio 23 July, 2021 - 08:29am 54 views

The Ohio Department of Public Safety and Ohio EMS are alerting area doctors and EMS providers after Ohio residents may have been exposed to the monkeypox virus while on flights from Nigeria, Atlanta and Dallas.

“The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed a single case of monkeypox on July 15, 2021 in a citizen who resides in the United States and recently returned from travel to Nigeria,” the state said in a media release. “The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) was recently informed that there may have been Ohio residents on these flights, and the CDC is in the process of contacting airline passengers and others who may have had contact with this citizen.”

“The flights taken by this citizen were Lagos Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Nigeria to Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Georgia on July 8 and Atlanta, Georgia to Dallas Love Field Airport in Texas on July 9,” the state said.

Despite the potential exposure, the state said the mandatory requirement to wear masks on all flights and in airports makes the risk of respiratory droplet transmission of monkeypox to others low.

Monkeypox is a potentially serious viral illness found regularly in several Central and West African nations. The virus is rare.

According to the state, monkeypox typically begins with flu-like illness and swelling of the lymph nodes and progresses to a widespread rash on the face and body. It typically shows up in five to 13 days after exposure and most infections last around two to four weeks.

Monkeypox is in the same viral family as smallpox, but causes a milder infection, according to state officials.

“The human-to-human transmission of the virus is primarily through respiratory droplets; however, it can also be transmitted via contact with body fluids, monkeypox sores, or items that have been contaminated with fluids or sores,” the state said. “Although antivirals may be beneficial, there is no specific treatment for monkeypox.”

The state is asking all Ohio doctors and EMS to be aware of the signs and symptoms of the virus.

Early symptoms of the virus include a fever, malaise, headache, muscle aches and new swollen lymph nodes. A rash similar to smallpox then develops.

Read full article at WHIO Radio

CDC Monitoring New Monkeypox Outbreaks: 'Over 200 Individuals in 27 States'

Mediaite 23 July, 2021 - 03:16pm

The agency said it was monitoring more than 200 people who may have come into contact with the man, who stopped in Atlanta during his July 8-9 trip from Lagos to Dallas. Symptoms of the disease can include aches, swollen lymph nodes, rashes, and lesions. A vaccine to inoculate against it was developed in 2019, though there is presently no cure.

The CDC notes that studies in Central Africa — where medical care is underserved — indicate the virus has a lethality rate of 1 to 10 percent. The first outbreak of the disease appeared in the United States in 2003 after a child was bitten by a prairie dog.

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More than 200 people in 27 states now being monitored for monkeypox

The Hill 23 July, 2021 - 02:01pm

Individuals being observed, who are deemed to have come into contact with the person, include anyone who sat within 6 feet of the infected person, flight attendants and individuals who might have used the same cabin bathroom, according to the outlet. 

Monkeypox, caused by a virus that is related to smallpox, can cause a less severe yet still dangerous illness, according to Stat News. The disease can cause fever, chills, swollen glands and create a rash across the body. 

The incubation period for the rare disease can range anywhere from three to 17 days. Andrea McCollum, who leads the poxvirus epidemiology unit at the CDC’s National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, said individuals who potentially contacted the infected person are at a critical moment. 

“We’re in the time frame where we certainly want to closely monitor people,” McCollum told Stat News.

The first case of monkeypox was recorded in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1970. Meanwhile in 2003, the U.S. recorded 47 cases across five states. 

CDC monitoring over 200 individuals possibly exposed to monkeypox

News-Medical.Net 23 July, 2021 - 02:01pm

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The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is monitoring over 200 people who may have been exposed to the monkeypox virus.

On July 15, 2021, the CDC and the Texas Department of State Health Services confirmed a case of human monkeypox in the U.S. The man, believed to be the first monkeypox case in the country since 2003, acquired the illness in Nigeria during a visit. He was taken to the hospital but is in a stable condition.

To date, there are no new cases related to the monkeypox infection.

Laboratory test results at the CDC showed the case as a strain of monkeypox reported in some parts of West Africa, including Nigeria. While human-to-human transmission is uncommon, infections with the strain are potentially fatal in about one in 100 people infected.

People with compromised immune systems are at a higher risk of severe illness and even death from monkeypox.

Health officials are now working with the airline and state health officials to contact and assess the potential risks to airline passengers and others who may have been in contact with the patient during two flights – Lagos, Nigeria to Atlanta on July 8 and Atlanta to Dallas on July 9.

The CDC confirmed that it would conduct a comprehensive contact tracing to determine potential carriers. The contact tracing will continue until the end of the month, including follow-ups and health checks with those already identified and informed. Overall, health officials are tracing people from 27 states for possible exposure.

Further, the CDC has set up a call center for health departments to hasten the contact tracing of potentially exposed carriers. Doctors can also contact the CDC if monkeypox is suspected in a patient.

Monkeypox is a contagious illness caused by the monkeypox virus that can infect both animals and humans. The monkeypox virus belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae. The Orthopoxvirus genus also includes other viruses such as the variola virus, the pathogen behind smallpox, the vaccinia virus, which has been used in the smallpox vaccine, and the cowpox virus.

First discovered in 1958, monkeypox caused two outbreaks of pox-like diseases in colonies of monkeys kept for research. The first human case was reported in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo during an extensive effort to eradicate smallpox. Since then, bouts of monkeypox were reported in central and western African countries.

The infection is so rare that human monkeypox infections were reported six times outside of Africa throughout history. These include 47 cases in the U.S. in 2003, three cases in the United Kingdom, and one case in Israel in 2018, one case in Singapore in 2019, and three cases in the U.K., and one case in the U.S. in 2021.

Monkeypox may spread from handling bushmeat, close contact with an infected person, an animal bite or scratch, contact with lesions, respiratory droplets, body fluids, and contaminated materials such as bedding.

Upon exposure, it may take up to 10 days for the signs and symptoms to manifest, including fever, headache, muscle pain, inflamed lymph nodes, and fatigue. This is followed by a rash that forms blisters and crusts over. These symptoms may last for about two to five weeks.

In Africa, monkeypox has been shown to cause death in as many as 1 in 10 persons who contract the infection.

Basic infection control measures can help reduce the risk of contracting the monkeypox virus. To prevent infection, avoid contact with animals that could harbor the virus, particularly those sick or found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs.

Also, avoid touching any materials that have been in contact with a sick animal, like bedding. For individuals who may have been infected, isolation is crucial to prevent further viral spread. In addition, regular hand hygiene and personal protective equipment (PPE) can help prevent infection when caring for sick patients.

Posted in: Disease/Infection News

Tags: Body Fluids, Fatigue, Fever, Headache, Hospital, Hygiene, Infection Control, Laboratory, Lymph Nodes, Monkeypox, Muscle, Pain, Pathogen, Personal Protective Equipment, PPE, Rash, Research, Respiratory, Smallpox, Vaccine, Vaccinia Virus, Virus

Angela is a nurse by profession and a writer by heart. She graduated with honors (Cum Laude) for her Bachelor of Nursing degree at the University of Baguio, Philippines. She is currently completing her Master's Degree where she specialized in Maternal and Child Nursing and worked as a clinical instructor and educator in the School of Nursing at the University of Baguio.

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26 in Georgia monitored for monkeypox, though not showing symptoms

Georgia Health News 23 July, 2021 - 02:01pm

The Pulse July 22, 2021 Andy Miller 0

Public health officials say that of the more than 200 people in the U.S. being monitored for possible exposure to monkeypox, 26 are in Georgia.

The monitoring has come after these people came into contact with an individual who contracted the rare disease before flying earlier this month from Nigeria to Atlanta and then to Dallas.

“They have been made aware of symptoms they should monitor for, and they are contacted daily to report in,’’ said Nydam, who gave no further details.

The patient flew from Lagos, Nigeria, to Atlanta on July 8, arriving July 9, and then to Dallas the same day.

Monkeypox is a disease that can be spread to humans from various animals, not exclusively from monkeys. It also can be spread from human to human.

The CDC says the risk that monkeypox spread on the plane or in the airports is believed to be low, as travelers were required to wear masks due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and monkeypox is primarily spread through respiratory droplets.

On July 15, the individual sought care at a Dallas hospital emergency room, where the diagnosis of monkeypox was made.

STAT News reported that the people being monitored include a number who sat within six feet of the infected individual on the Lagos-to-Atlanta flight; others who used the mid-cabin bathroom on that flight; airline workers who cleaned the bathroom after the flight; flight attendants; and some family members who had contact with the individual in Dallas.

Passengers on the Atlanta-to-Dallas flight with indirect contact were deemed to have had too short an exposure to be at risk, said Andrea McCollum, who leads the poxvirus epidemiology unit at the CDC’s National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases.

Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a pox-like disease occurred in colonies of monkeys kept for research, a finding that led to the naming of the disease. The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo during a period of intensified effort to eliminate smallpox.

The disease is caused by a virus that is related to smallpox, the only human virus to have been eradicated. Monkeypox causes less severe illness than smallpox, but is still dangerous. The CDC said that the fatality rate for the strain of monkeypox seen in the Dallas case is about 10 percent, STAT News reported. Monkeypox is rarely seen in people

Symptoms of monkeypox are similar to but milder than the symptoms of smallpox. Monkeypox begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes and chills. Within 1 to 3 days (sometimes longer) after the appearance of fever, the patient develops a rash, often beginning on the face then spreading to other parts of the body, the CDC says. Lesions progress through stages before falling off.

Rodents, including animals kept as pets, can carry monkeypox and transmit it to people. In 2003, 47 people in the US were infected with the virus. The outbreak was traced to a shipment of small mammals from Ghana that were sold as pets, CNN reported.

A drug called cidofovir can treat monkeypox infection, the CDC says.

Andy Miller is editor and CEO of Georgia Health News

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More than 200 contacts tracked in US for rare monkeypox disease

MSN UK 23 July, 2021 - 02:01pm

More than 200 people in 27 US states are being tracked for possible rare monkeypox infections, health officials have said.

People may have come in to contact with a Texas man who brought the disease in from Nigeria earlier this month, experts fear.

The man - believed to be the first monkeypox case in the country since 2003 - was taken to hospital but in a stable condition.

No new cases have been found so far.

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The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said it is concerned passengers who were on board two flights the man made may have been exposed to the disease.

He flew into Atlanta, Georgia from Lagos, Nigeria on 9 July, before taking a flight to Dallas, where he was hospitalised, the CDC said.

It said it was working with the airlines to assess "potential risks to those who may have had close contact with the traveller".

But the chances of the disease spreading on the plane were low because passengers had to wear face masks, it added.

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CDC now monitoring ‘over 200 individuals in 27 states’ for monkeypox

KHON2 23 July, 2021 - 11:04am

BONDUA, LIBERIA – UNDATED: In this 1971 Center For Disease Control handout photo, monkeypox-like lesions are shown on the arm and leg of a female child in Bondua, Liberia. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said June 7 the viral disease monkeypox, thought to be spread by prairie dogs, has been detected in the Americas for the first time with about 20 cases reported in Wisconsin, Illinois, and Indiana. (Photo Courtesy of the CDC/Getty Images)

WASHINGTON (WVLA) – A week after a Texas man was confirmed to have monkeypox after traveling overseas, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is monitoring dozens of people who may have come in contact with him.

Since the original monkeypox diagnosis in Texas, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is monitoring “over 200 individuals in 27 states and a few other countries.”

The patient flew into Atlanta, Georgia on July 9 from Lagos, Nigeria, and then went on to Dallas. He was admitted to a hospital in Dallas.

The individuals being observed either know they were around the monkeypox patient or were on the same flights as the man.

None of the individuals being monitored is considered high risk and so far no additional cases have been found.

The CDC stresses that the risk to everyone else is low.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, these are the signs and symptoms to look out for:

If you have any questions about how to keep from being infected with the monkeypox virus, visit CDC Prevention.

At the moment, there is no safe treatment for anyone who has contracted monkeypox.

It has been over 50 years since the first case of monkeypox was diagnosed, according to the CDC.

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Monkeypox in ‘over 200 individuals in 27 states’ CDC now monitoring

WTRF 23 July, 2021 - 06:14am

BONDUA, LIBERIA – UNDATED: In this 1971 Center For Disease Control handout photo, monkeypox-like lesions are shown on the arm and leg of a female child in Bondua, Liberia. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said June 7 the viral disease monkeypox, thought to be spread by prairie dogs, has been detected in the Americas for the first time with about 20 cases reported in Wisconsin, Illinois, and Indiana. (Photo Courtesy of the CDC/Getty Images)

WASHINGTON (WVLA) – A week after a Texas man was confirmed to have monkeypox after traveling overseas, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is monitoring dozens of people who may have come in contact with him.

Since the original monkeypox diagnosis in Texas, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is monitoring “over 200 individuals in 27 states and a few other countries.”

The patient flew into Atlanta, Georgia on July 9 from Lagos, Nigeria, and then went on to Dallas. He was admitted to a hospital in Dallas.

The individuals being observed either know they were around the monkeypox patient or were on the same flights as the man.

None of the individuals being monitored is considered high risk and so far no additional cases have been found.

The CDC stresses that the risk to everyone else is low.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, these are the signs and symptoms to look out for:

If you have any questions about how to keep from being infected with the monkeypox virus, visit CDC Prevention.

At the moment, there is no safe treatment for anyone who has contracted monkeypox.

It has been over 50 years since the first case of monkeypox was diagnosed, according to the CDC.

Copyright 2021 Nexstar Media Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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Monkeypox in US: CDC monitoring 200 people in 27 states, other countries

Fox News 23 July, 2021 - 01:55am

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While the delta variant and other issues have the coronavirus gaining renewed attention, U.S. health officials are also watching for signs of a possible outbreak of monkeypox, according to a report.

Following an initial report of a patient being treated for monkeypox in Texas after arriving there from Nigeria earlier this month, officials with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are now monitoring more than 200 individuals who may have had contact with the traveler, WVLA-TV of Baton Rouge, Louisiana reported.

The individuals being observed are spread across 27 states and several foreign countries, the report said. They range from associates of the patient to fellow passengers on flights.

None of the people being tracked are considered at high risk and none have been found to have monkeypox, the report said.

Prior to landing in Dallas on July 9, where the patient was later hospitalized, the traveler made a stop in Atlanta, according to the report.

At the moment, there are no safe treatments available for monkeypox, according to the CDC.

Symptoms of the illness include fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes, chills, exhaustion, or a skin rash that develops days after a fever, WVLA reported.

Monkeypox was first detected in humans in Africa in 1970, according to the CDC website. It was last detected in the U.S. in 2003, when 47 cases were found, the agency says.

The illness can be fatal in 1% to 10% of cases, with those having already weak immune systems at highest risk, according to the CDC.

More CDC information about monkeypox can be found here.

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What is the monkeypox virus? More than 200 contacts tracked in US after Texas man’s diagnosis

PennLive 22 July, 2021 - 12:53pm

A Texas man has been diagnosed with a rare monkeypox infection. The man carried the disease to the U.S. from Nigeria earlier this month, health officials say.

A report by BBC News said health officials in the U.S. are tracking more than 200 people in 27 states that may have come in contact with the man, but to this point, no new cases have been found.

The man, who is currently hospitalized in stable condition, is believed to be the first monkeypox case in the U.S. since 2003, the report said.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said in a July 16 media statement, along with the Texas Department of State Health Services, that the case of human monkeypox was confirmed on July 15. The infected person is currently hospitalized in Dallas.

According to the CDC’s statement, the patient was a passenger on two flights: one from Lagos, Nigeria, to Atlanta on July 8, with arrival on July 9; and the second from Atlanta to Dallas on July 9. The agency is working with the airline and state and local health officials to contact airline passengers and others who may have been in contact with the patient during those flights.

The CDC said in the statement:

Although monkeypox is related to the variola virus which causes smallpox, the CDC said it causes a milder infection. Laboratory testing at the CDC showed the monkeypox strain infecting the current patient is one most commonly seen in parts of West Africa, including Nigeria. The CDC said “infections with this strain of monkeypox are fatal in about 1 in 100 people.” Although, for people with weakened immune systems rates can be higher.

The CDC said it’s believed the risk of the spread of monkeypox via respiratory droplets to others on the planes and in the airports is low. The reason being that travelers on both flights were required to wear masks as well as in the U.S. airports due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

According to the CDC, “the incubation period (time from infection to symptoms) for monkeypox is usually 7 to 14 days but can range from 5 to 21 days.”

The CDC describes these symptoms of monkeypox:

“Within 1 to 3 days (sometimes longer) after the appearance of fever, the patient develops a rash, often beginning on the face then spreading to other parts of the body.”

A report by Prevention described the monkeypox rash as it progresses through various stages before falling off:

Experts have not yet identified where monkeypox resides in nature, but the CDC said it’s believed small mammals and African rodents play a role in spreading the virus to other forest animals and people.

The agency said Monkeypox can be spread when people are “bitten or scratched” by an animal, or through contact with an infected animal or animal products.

The CDC further explained between people, monkeypox can spread “through respiratory droplets, or through contact with body fluids, monkeypox sores, or items that have been contaminated with fluids or sores,” such as bedding and clothing. But the primarily human-to-human transmission is thought to occur through large respiratory droplets which generally cannot travel more than a few feet. Prolonged face-to-face contact, therefore is required.

Most monkeypox outbreaks have occurred in Africa, but in 2003 a large outbreak leading to 47 cases in people in the U.S. occurred when the monkeypox virus spread from imported African rodents to pet prairie dogs, the CDC said.

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