Our Kids Aren't Wearing Enough Sunscreen

Health

Lifehacker 11 May, 2021 - 08:00am 59 views

Even when you’re applying sunscreen on yourself—a willing and able adult—you’re likely not using enough. (For an average adult, the AAD defines “enough” as about one ounce, or enough to fill a shot glass, to properly cover any skin not already covered by clothing.) Kids won’t need quite that much, but when you add a squirming, impatient young child into the equation, you’re probably tempted to declare “good enough” a bit too soon.

To make sure they’re getting the best coverage possible, you’ll first want to consider using the best type of sunscreen for the situation and body part. Sunscreens generally fall into four categories: creams, gels, sticks, and sprays. Creams are best for (dry) skin and faces; gels are good for hairy areas, such as the scalp; sticks are good for around the eyes; and sprays can be an easy solution for parents—with some caveats.

So if a spray is the best way to get the kids the most decent coverage, go for it—just don’t spray it directly on their face (spray it into your hand and then apply it to their face). Spray more than you think you need, and then rub it in for more even coverage, taking care that the wind doesn’t blow it into their face.

You’ll want a sunscreen that has at least an SPF of 30, offers broad-spectrum protection (i.e., protects against UVA and UVB rays), and is water-resistant if water will be a factor. Whenever possible, aim to apply it 15 minutes before they’ll be out in the sun—here are our best tips for applying sunscreen without a major battle.

Once they’re outside playing, you’ll want to reapply every two hours or after swimming or sweating, whichever comes first, even on cloudy days. Using a higher SPF is also great, as it will block slightly more UVB rays, but don’t let it lull you into a false sense of security—a higher SPF doesn’t last longer than a lower SPF, so you’ll need to reapply just as often.

And all of this goes for kids over the age of six months old—parents should avoid exposing babies under six months to the sun’s rays entirely.

There are a few spots we tend to overlook when we’re trying to sunscreen our kids up as efficiently as possible, but it’s important to hit them all: The tops of the feet and hands, the ears, the back of the neck, the top of the head, and lips all need some attention. (You can use a lip balm with an SPF 30 or higher.)

KidsHealth also recommends applying sunscreen under any swimsuit straps, in case they shift while the child is playing. Remember that all kids, regardless of skin tone, can get painful sunburns without the protection and need to wear sunscreen.

And finally, one of the best ways to earn their compliance is by modeling all these good habits with your own skin.

Read full article at Lifehacker

Why skin cancer is set to become another cost of lockdown

Telegraph.co.uk 11 May, 2021 - 11:20am

Data from the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service shows there was a drastic decrease in skin cancer diagnoses in 2020. There were 28 per cent fewer cases of melanoma diagnosed between April and November, as well as a significant decrease in the diagnosis of non-melanoma skin cancers such as basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). 

There has also been a drop in urgent referrals for suspected skin cancers, according to Dr Suchitra Chinthapalli, a consultant dermatologist at the Royal London Hospital. This is reflected in statistics relating to general cancer care: Cancer Research estimates that 430,000 fewer people were on an urgent suspected cancer referral during March 2020 to February 2021. 

Experts say this is a ticking time bomb. While diagnoses have dropped as a result of the pandemic, incidences of skin cancer are likely to be higher than ever as they have been rising rapidly for three decades. Rates of melanoma skin cancer have more than doubled (by 135 per cent) since the early 1990s, according to data from Cancer Research. For women, rates have increased by 101 per cent and for men cases have nearly tripled (182 per cent). There was a 45 per cent rise in melanoma cases just between 2004 and 2019. 

“These missing cases will turn up eventually,” says Dr Bav Shergill, chair of the British Association of Dermatologists’ Skin Cancer Prevention Committee. “Sadly for the people concerned, the cancer will be more advanced, which will worsen their prognosis and  result in more complicated treatment.” 

Melanoma is the fifth most common cancer in the UK and causes around 2,300 deaths every year. When caught early, most melanoma skin cancers are treatable, but a sharp drop in diagnoses suggests more skin cancers will be discovered at a later stage. Non-melanoma cancers are less deadly but more common. 

Shergill puts the exponential increase in cases down to the “legacy of sun exposure when we were younger filtering through to adults.” There is more awareness of sun protection – and better sun cream – now, but the damage is done. “The effects of sunburn only become apparent five to 10 years, or longer, after the damage takes place,” explains Shergill. 

However, contrary to popular belief, skin cancer is not limited to people in their 50s and beyond. “I’ve seen increased rates of non-melanoma and melanoma skin cancers in people under 30,” says Claire Crilly, lead nurse at skin cancer specialist The Mole Clinic, which has just launched a new virtual online mole screening service. “This could be due to sunbed use as teenagers or a lack of awareness.” Melanoma is more common in people over 65, but rates for 25 to 49-year-olds have increased by 70 per cent since the 1990s, according to Cancer Research. 

“Over the next few months, I’m anticipating we will be seeing a lot more cases of skin cancer than we would do normally,” says Crilly. “By the end of last year, we were seeing later melanoma cases than usual – I think people were scared to go to the doctors, and by the time they got a referral, it was more advanced.” 

More time spent outdoors has been a lifeline for the UK over the past year and more people have become keen cyclists, walkers and home gardeners than ever before. But, as data suggests that 41 per cent of people have had more sun exposure since the pandemic began, increased sun exposure (without taking the necessary precautions) could have unforeseen consequences further down the line.

“It is great to do something outdoors that will help your mental wellbeing or to exercise to keep your heart healthy, but you don’t have to burn to enjoy it. Be mindful of your sun exposure,” says Shergill.

“We don’t want there to be any perceived barrier to coming to see us. We are busy, but we've always been busy, so if in doubt, check it out.”

The British Association of Dermatologists uses the ‘ABCDE’ acronym to help people recognise skin changes that could indicate a melanoma: 

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Jennifer Hudson Says This Sunscreen Is So Moisturizing, It Feels Like She Just Got a Facial

InStyle 11 May, 2021 - 11:03am

While the performer admits that like many Black women, it took her years to start adding sunscreen into her daily routine, it's a staple in her regimen now. But Hudson shares that as someone with sensitive skin, she can't just put any type of product on her face.

That's why she swears by Olay Regenerist Whip Face Cream Moisturizer with SPF 25, a smooth, replenishing cream that also protects skin from the sun's damaging UV rays without feeling too heavy on the skin.

Here, Hudson talks skincare, beauty mistakes, and the importance of embracing your natural features.

I don't like anything too thick on my skin, you know? That's most important to me, and I'm very sensitive. I need to know my skin is breathing. I need to know that if I need to apply makeup, the combination of the two isn't going to disturb the other — stuff like that. So I'm very particular [about] what's in it, the consistency of it, how it feels, and how it's going to leave my skin after using the products.

The lightness, it allows my skin to breathe. I almost feel like I had a facial after using it. You know that feeling after you get a facial and your face feels so refreshed and moist and clean?

That's how it feels to me. I [love] knowing that it's breathing and not over-cluttered. After using it, my makeup artist said, "You've got your skin back." And I was like, "Mmhm."

Let myself be as natural as I possibly can.

Yeah, I think natural beauty is the most beautiful — I pride myself in that and that's when I feel most confident. When I can go out and people are like, "Oh, your skin looks amazing, you got on makeup?" Nope! As a celebrity, you have to wear makeup all the time. So when I'm off? It's all natural, as natural as I can possibly be.

Yes, I have to say yes. So many popped in my head when you asked me that, but I will say whatever you put in your hair comes out through your skin. Every blue moon, I let someone fool me into putting oils and all these different things in my hair and then I look around and it's coming out through the skin, so that's one. The second is not being conscious of what I'm using. I like to be specific about what I put in my body but what I put on my body as well. I've had to learn the hard way, but when you're in tune with yourself you'll be able to adjust and adapt.

Know that the beauty that you were born with is enough. I think back to when I was a kid. Do you ever go back and look at old pictures and think, "Hey, I actually look good."

But then when you were in that time, you hated this, you didn't like that, then you get into this place in life, and you're like, "I had it all along!" Too often that happens. So [it's important] to be able to know that what you have — naturally — is more than enough.

17 Mineral Sunscreens That Won't Leave a Chalky Cast

Glamour 11 May, 2021 - 09:29am

“Mineral sunscreen is a type of sunscreen that is formulated with the minerals zinc oxide or titanium oxide—or sometimes both—as the active ingredient that provides UV protection,” says Orit Markowitz, board-certified dermatologist, and founder of OptiSkin in NYC. “The minerals sit on your skin's surface and act like microscopic mirrors to reflect harmful rays. In contrast, chemical sunscreens work by absorbing UV rays and convert them to heat, which is then released by the skin.”

While the best mineral sunscreen is whatever you will use every day, Markowitz recommends physical sunscreens for those with acne-prone or sensitive skin. Since mineral SPF doesn't get absorbed by your skin it's less likely to clog pores, and tends to be gentler on sensitive skin than chemical sunscreen. She also prefers mineral based sunscreens since they are immediately effective against sun's rays, while most chemical sunscreens take about 20 to 30 minutes, and tend to need less reapplication.  

The good news is, there's plenty of options out there for physical sunscreens that don't feel heavy or leave a white cast. These are the best mineral sunscreens to stock up on this summer. 

All products featured on Glamour are independently selected by our editors. However, when you buy something through our retail links, we may earn an affiliate commission.

Wicklow Mum Urges People To Check Their Skin After Terrifying Brush With Melanoma

Extra.ie 11 May, 2021 - 06:11am

Rebecca Martin was all set for a relaxing Sunday evening, deciding on a home manicure and pedicure after a busy week in January this year. But as the mum of one began to take off the nail polish that was on her toes, she realised that something was gravely wrong.

‘I hadn’t changed my varnish in about three months, as it was winter,’ she says. ‘As I removed the red polish on the big toe of my right foot, my blood ran cold. There was a prominent black shape under the nail like a squashed mole.’

As soon as Rebecca saw the mark, she says, her ‘heart sank’. At her home in Enniskerry, Co Wicklow, she instantly recalled a Facebook post she had seen on a rare form of skin cancer called a subungual melanoma as it was identical to what she saw on her own foot.

‘I just knew when I saw it. I ran over to my mum and I said: “I’ve got skin cancer.” She told me I was being ridiculous but I knew instantly that I did.

‘I remembered a social media post from a beautician who explained how she saw a woman with a similar mark under her toenail while painting her toes. She knew it was melanoma and she told the woman to go get it seen to quickly.

‘I knew it wasn’t a bruise or a fungal nail infection,’ explains Rebecca, adding that she found some images online of subungual melanomas which often appear as dark lines or bruises on the nailbed, but can also present as a mole under a nail. ‘I didn’t wait I went straight to A&E who gave me an urgent referral to a dermatologist. Within a week I had been seen by a plastic surgeon to have it removed and I had surgery three days later.’

Rebecca’s gut instinct had been correct she did indeed have a very rare form of skin cancer called subungual melanoma, or cancer of the nail unit. It accounts for 1 per cent of all melanomas and is not typically linked to sun exposure. It most commonly affects the thumb nail or toenail, but can happen in any nail, and is most commonly found in people between the ages of 40 to 70.

May is Melanoma Awareness month. About 13,000 skin cancers are diagnosed each year in Ireland but melanoma is often seen as the most dangerous, due to its ability to spread rapidly if left untreated. Statistics from the national Cancer Registry suggest that the disease, of which there are over 1,000 new diagnoses in Ireland each year, is on the rise in this country, particularly in men, where the incidence has increased by 5% per year since 1994.

‘Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that causes uncontrolled growth of the melanocytes,’ explains Dr Deirdre Fitzgerald, a consultant EnT & Facial Plastic Surgeon and Medical Director Fitzgerald Private Clinic Dublin.

‘These are the cells in our skin that produce melanin, which protects skin cells by absorbing UV radiation from the sun. These cells are found in equal quantities in all skin types, but the melanocytes in dark skin types produce much more melanin, and so people with dark skin are much less likely to be damaged by UV radiation than those with light skin.

‘Melanoma in the nail area is incredibly rare and does not tend to be caused by sun exposure. It often looks like a pigmented band. Over weeks to months the band becomes wider, particularly near the cuticle, and the pigmentation can become more irregular, with darker and lighter patches,’ explains Dr Fitzgerald. ‘Hutchinson’s sign is when the skin adjacent to it also becomes pigmented. Sometimes it can form a raised nodule and crack or bleed. It should be noted that up to half of subungual melanomas have no pigment (amelanotic melanoma), making them harder to spot.

‘If you suspect you have a subungual melanoma, it is important to attend your GP immediately, as they can refer to a consultant dermatologist who can perform a dermoscopy or look at it with a special scope, and arrange a biopsy if they are worried.’

In Rebecca’s case, a cause of concern was the fact that skin cancer was in her family — and she was also aware of how quickly the disease can spread.

My mum Avril had skin cancer on her back about ten years ago. She was treated with surgical removal and chemotherapy cream. But I had no idea of how long mine had been silently growing,’ says Rebecca. ‘There was no visual evidence of the mole when I was doing my nails last November, but I was convinced I was going to die. I was worrying about my daughter Isabella’s future without me.’

‘Family history of melanoma or some other cancers, such as pancreatic cancer, increases the lifetime risk of having a melanoma,’ explains Dr Fitzgerald. ‘People who are immunosuppressed, for example, those who have had an organ transplant or are receiving chemotherapy for another cancer, also have an increased risk of developing melanoma. Certain rare genetic skin disorders such as xeroderma pigmentosum also unfortunately make a person more susceptible.’

Rebecca was told by her dermatologist that she would need to see a plastic surgeon to remove the mole for investigation, which would also mean re-structuring the toe.

‘This all happened very quickly so the speed of it concerned me too,’ admits Rebecca. ‘To excise the mole they removed my nail, nailbed and the side of my toe, to skin graft me,’ says Rebecca, who was treated in the Beacon Hospital. ‘My mum brought and drove me home from the procedure, which was under local anaesthetic. I couldn’t put my foot down at all for days. I actually couldn’t drive for six weeks afterwards.’

The aftermath of Rebecca’s ordeal was also plagued with problems, as she suffered excruciating pain and an infection. ‘The initial pain relief I received was just paracetamol so I had to return to hospital to receive a morphine prescription. I remember biting down on a book the pain was so bad. It was tortuous.

‘Then, about ten days after my operations, I thought I was going to die of sepsis as the wound had become infected. I didn’t even think of cancer, at that stage, the pain was so bad,’ Rebecca reveals. The only relief throughout her nightmare came with being told that her cancer had been contained within the perimeter of the mole something that was confirmed when she received her blood test results six weeks later.

‘I was told if it was left I would have been three months from radiation, six months from chemo. It spreads quickly,’ says Rebecca, who ‘smothers’ herself in Factor 50 when out and about in the sun and is now undergoing professional mole-mapping every six months to ensure any abnormalities are picked up promptly.

Speaking on prognosis, Dr Fitzgerald says time indeed is of the essence when it comes to favourable outcomes. ‘There are several subtypes of melanoma, but in general, the sooner melanoma is diagnosed, the better the outcome. Disease in men and elderly patients tend to be detected later.

‘Treatment includes surgery, and sometimes can also require immunotherapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Patients will then be closely followed by their dermatologist and surgeon, and they will need to take precautions going forward.’

And don’t be fooled into thinking we are safe in Ireland due to our mostly dull weather. This is a common misconception and a dangerous one, warns Dr Fitzgerald.

‘Ireland might not be sunny for much of the year, but the sun emits UV radiation every day of the year, even if it is cool or overcast,’ says Dr Fitzgerald.

‘This makes it important to protect your skin every single day. People who have fair skin with fair or red hair and blue, grey or green eyes also have an increased risk, as does anyone with a lot of moles, or any mole that looks unusual. And melanomas can occur anywhere on the body, not only on areas that get a lot of sun.’

Of course, sunbed use is ‘a major risk factor’ for developing all skin cancers, including melanoma. ‘Use of a sunbed or tanning lamp increases the risk of developing melanoma by 20%. Starting to use them young raises the risk even further,’ says Dr Fitzgerald, who advises on keeping

the skin out of direct sunlight, and using a good SPF 50 cream with UVA protection to exposed areas of the skin daily to protect against melanoma and ageing of the skin also.

‘Of course, sunbeds should be avoided altogether. And please, if in doubt, ask an expert. Let your doctor examine you. It is important not to rely on Apps that purport to be able to diagnose melanoma. It is important to know your skin and check it regularly. Pay particular attention to any pre-existing freckles or moles that look like they may have changed at all.

‘Remember, a full normal skin examination with dermoscopic evaluation should only be done by your GP or a consultant dermatologist. If a lesion is abnormal, it should be surgically removed. To start, if you’re worried, seek help from your GP.’

Although Rebecca is now fully recovered after her illness and is in good health, she is still traumatised by the whole experience. Her advice to readers is to be vigilant about skin health, and never dismiss any new changes.

‘Honestly, I shudder to think of what might have been,’ she says. ‘If I hadn’t seen that Facebook post I would have left it for a while, to mention to the GP on my next visit. If this has taught me anything, it’s to get something checked out, no matter how ridiculous. If you feel something is not right get it checked.’

Protecting yourself from skin cancer

WWLP.com 10 May, 2021 - 03:30pm

CHICOPEE, Mass. (WWLP) – May is Skin Cancer Awareness month. More than two people die of skin cancer in the U.S. every hour.

Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States. More than 5 million cases of skin cancer are diagnosed in the United States every year.

Baystate Health President and CEO Dr. Mark Keroack told 22News, “Every few months or so take a look at your skin and see if there are any new pigmented lumps or bumps or things that are changing. And if indeed there are, have them looked at by your provider”

There are five types of skin cancer. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, one in five Americans will develop some form of skin cancer by age 70. That breaks down to nearly 10,000 being diagnosed every day in the United States. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of skin cancer. About 90 percent of nonmelanoma skin cancers are associated with exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.

Having five or more sun burns doubles your chances of getting the melanoma type skin cancer but regular daily use of an SPF 15 or more reduces your chances of getting the melanoma type by 50 percent.

“Most skin cancers can be taken care of fairly easily just by having a dermatologist or surgeon remove them. But there are some forms of skin cancer, particularly the pigmented kind called myeloma, that can kill,” said Dr. Keroack.

When detected early, the five year survival rate of melanoma is 99 percent. So doctors urge people to consult their physician if they believe there is a new or concerning mark on their skin.

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