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ScienceAlert 04 May, 2021 - 02:02am 22 views

Who is on the space station?

On board were two NASA astronauts — mission commander Shane Kimbrough, 53, and pilot Megan McArthur, 49 — along with Japanese astronaut Akihiko Hoshide, 52, and fellow mission specialist Thomas Pesquet, 43, a French engineer from the European Space Agency. NBC NewsAstronauts dock at International Space Station aboard SpaceX Endeavour

How many people are on the International Space Station?

Four more spaceflyers arrived at the ISS this morning (April 24) via SpaceX's Crew-2 mission, bringing the total number of astronauts aboard the station to 11. That's a lot, considering the orbiting lab usually hosts six people at a time (though there have been as many as 13 crewmembers aboard at once). Space.comWith 11 people on space station, astronauts get crafty with sleeping spots

After more than two decades of international cooperation in space research, Russia this week announced that it would be withdrawing from the International Space Station in 2025, and build and manage its own floating laboratory that will be launched into orbit by 2030.

The decision to leave also comes at a time when relations between Russia and the US have been steadily deteriorating on multiple fronts, with the two powers also accusing each other of militarising space.

Roscosmos space agency chief Dmitry Rogozin was quoted as saying by the Interfax news agency, “If in 2030, in accordance with our plans, we can put it into orbit, it will be a colossal breakthrough.”

“The will is there to take a new step in world manned space exploration.”

A space station is essentially a large spacecraft that remains in low-earth orbit for extended periods of time. It is like a large laboratory in space, and allows astronauts to come aboard and stay for weeks or months to carry out experiments in microgravity.

The Mir space station of the former Soviet Union, and later operated by Russia, was functional from 1986 to 2001. The ISS has been in space since 1998, and has been known for the exemplary cooperation between the five participating space agencies that have been running it: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada).

For over 20 years since its launch, humans have continuously lived and carried out scientific investigations on the $150 billion ISS under microgravity conditions, being able to make breakthroughs in research not possible on Earth.

As per NASA, 243 people from 19 countries have so far visited the ISS, and the floating laboratory has hosted more than 3,000 research and educational investigations from researchers in 108 countries and areas, carrying out cutting edge research in various disciplines, including biology, human physiology, and physical, material and space science.

Russia has been a crucial player in making the ISS a success, with other space agencies relying on advanced Russian modular space station construction technology to build the space station in the initial years, as per a Financial Times report.

Russia was also indispensable because of its Soyuz passenger vehicle, which served as the only way for transporting astronauts to the ISS ever since the US retired its Space Shuttle Program in 2011. This reliance on Russia ended last year, however, when the US started to use the SpaceX system developed by Elon Musk.

This was a major blow for Roscosmos, as this meant an end to the funding it received from NASA for carrying astronauts to the space station. Between 2011 and 2019, NASA had spent $3.9 billion on the Soyuz flights, the report said.

Next year, the US is also expected to have another domestic option apart from SpaceX, as Boeing’s delayed Starliner capsule is expected to become operational.

The development also comes at a time when relations between the West and Russia have been going from bad to worse. The US has blamed the Kremlin for carrying out the “SolarWinds” hack and interfering in the 2020 election. Last week, Russia received flak from the NATO alliance after it was accused by the Czech Republic of being involved in a 2014 explosion at an arms depot.

Last year, the US accused Russia of carrying out a weapons test after a projectile was said to have been fired from a Russian satellite. Russia, in return, blamed the US for treating space as a “military theatre”.

Russia now plans to build and manage its own space station, which it aims to launch into orbit by 2030. According to an Interfax report, its space module is being assembled by the Energia corporation, and is set to cost at least $5 billion.

The station will reportedly orbit the Earth at a higher latitude, enabling it to better observe the polar regions, especially since Russia plans to develop the Arctic sea route as the ice melts.

Building a new station would also help Russia tide over challenges that its cosmonauts currently face on the ageing ISS, such as conducting experiments and adapting the latest technology to a hardware architecture that is over two decades old.

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov said, “We can’t risk the lives [of our cosmonauts]. The situation that today is connected to the structure and the metal getting old, it can lead to irreversible consequences – to catastrophe. We mustn’t let that happen”.

However, leaving the ISS would also mean that Russian researchers would lose access to a laboratory that has seen over 15 years of engineering and assembly work to build it, and whose research potential is only now truly expected to take off. NASA has ruled out retiring the ISS until at least 2028, and may continue to use it after that by upgrading key systems, the FT report said.

Borisov also said that Russia would manage the space station itself, but has left the door open for other countries to join. Last year, Russia rejected a US offer to be a part of the Artemis program, and last month signed an agreement with China to jointly develop a lunar base.

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Russia says it will launch own space station after leaving ISS | TheHill

The Hill 04 May, 2021 - 08:00am

Russia plans to launch its own space station by 2030 after departing from the International Space Station (ISS).

“If in 2030, in accordance with our plans, we can put it into orbit, it will be a colossal breakthrough,” Roscosmos chief Dmitry Rogozin told Interfax news, according to The Guardian. “The will is there to take a new step in world manned space exploration.”

Eighteen countries including the U.S. and Russia have worked on the ISS since 1998, one of the closest collaborations between Moscow and Washington despite other strains in relations.

Last weekend, Russia's Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov said that the country plans to alert its ISS partners that it is leaving the project by 2025. Borisov said that while the country plans to create its own space station, other nations would still be welcome for a visit.

"[T]he station must be national. … If you want to do well, do it yourself," he reportedly said.

The space station will also reportedly use artificial intelligence and robots as opposed to a permanent crew due to an expected orbit path that would expose it to higher radiation.

Russia is set to spend nearly $6 billion in launching the project, according to an unnamed source quoted by Interfax. 

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4 Astronauts En Route To International Space Station

CBS New York 04 May, 2021 - 08:00am

Spacecraft Carrying Japan's Hoshide Docks with ISS

Nippon.com 04 May, 2021 - 08:00am

Tokyo, April 24 (Jiji Press)--A U.S. spacecraft carrying four astronauts, including Japan's Akihiko Hoshide, on a long-term mission, docked with the International Space Station around 6:10 p.m. Saturday Japan time (9:10 a.m. GMT).

The hatch opened around 8:05 p.m. Hoshide, 52, and the other three moved into the ISS about 30 minutes later and reunited with Japanese astronaut Soichi Noguchi, 56, and others, who have been on the ISS since November last year. Hoshide and Noguchi hugged each other and rejoiced over the former's safe arrival at the space station.

The Crew Dragon spacecraft was launched on a Falcon 9 rocket from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in the U.S. state of Florida on Friday afternoon Japan time. The spacecraft and the rocket were developed by U.S. company Space Exploration Technologies Corp., or SpaceX.

It is the second time for multiple Japanese astronauts to stay on the ISS at the same time. In the first such case, Noguchi and Naoko Yamazaki, 50, spent time together on the ISS in April 2010. It is the first time for Japanese astronauts on long-term missions to stay together on the space station.

This is Hoshide's first ISS mission since 2012, when he was also on a long-term mission.

Russia quits ISS, initiates its newly carved out plans with funding of worth 6bn

TheDigitalHacker 04 May, 2021 - 08:00am

Since 1998, the International Space Station (ISS) has been a commonplace of work for astronauts from Russia, the United States, and 16 other nations, and it is one of Moscow and Washington’s closest fields of collaboration.

But, as relations between Russia and the United States, as well as other European agencies, have deteriorated, Russia’s Roscosmos space agency announced on Wednesday that it has begun construction on its own space station, with the aim of launching it into orbit by 2030 if President Vladimir Putin approves.

Backing off or hampering the closeness of Russia with that of the US would impact in its working of the International Space Station (ISS).

“If in 2030, in accordance with our plans, we can put it into orbit, it will be a colossal breakthrough,” Roscosmos chief Dmitry Rogozin via the Interfax news agency. “The will is there to take a new step in world manned space exploration.”

Moscow will notify its partners in an official manner, incorporating its plan to leave ISS project by the year 2025. Russia will make use of AI and robots. On most probable terms, the station would not accompany a permanent crew as its orbit path would expose the crew members to constant high radiation. Foreign crews are highly welcomed to pay a visit but as authorities stated, “the station must be national… If you want to do well, do it yourself”. There’s an investment of 6bn by Russia into thr execution of this plan. 

How is the new space station being built in Russia?

Sprout Wired 04 May, 2021 - 08:00am

Russia began developing an ambitious space exploration project, planning to build its own orbital station in 2035.

Currently, experts are working on the first scientific-energetic module based on a future space platform, which should work to supply energy to all other systems, accommodate cosmonauts, and a wide variety of experiments. This base is expected to be completed in four years.

The first module of the future Russian Orbital Station is a panel explaining its operation.

The construction of the new space station is seen as an alternative to the present International Space Station (ISS), Because many experts claim that it is possible that by 2024 there may be a problem with electronic systems due to aging of equipment and lack of resources.

Docking Soyuz spacecraft with the International Space Station (ISS)

Hangzhou Blancoso, executive director of advanced and scientific programs at the Russian space agency Roskosmos, said that he had proposed, together with institutions associated with the space sector and space corporation Energia, the construction of a national station – Russian orbital station – “More Greater inclination, 97 to 98 degrees “, Accordingly Com rt.

In return, the Deputy Technical Director of the Energy Corporation, Vladimir Soloviov, explained that “there will be a structure where many automated devices can be parked, repaired, re-fueled, their payloads adjusted.” Can, and then be launched back into space “, media quoted by Russian

a Russian Federation Committed to developing its space program, showing the world that it will not lag behind in the space race. Still expected to launch in the country during this year, possibly in October, the first Mission to the moon Since the end of the USSR – Luna-25 landing device. In 2022, Moscow planned to undertake a second joint mission to Mars with the European Space Agency (ESA).

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