Windows 11 looks a little different. Here's what's changing

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CNET 01 July, 2021 - 03:00am 25 views

Does Windows 11 require TPM?

TPM 2.0 was only released in 2019, suggesting that PCs made prior to that year may be incompatible with Windows 11. In an email to CRN on Friday, a Microsoft spokesperson confirmed that “TPM 2.0 is a minimum requirement; Windows 11 will not install without it.” CRNMicrosoft Now Says Windows 11 TPM Requirement Is For Version 2.0 CRN 2 hrs ago

When does Windows 11 roll out?

Upgrades to Windows 11 will begin to roll out late in 2021 and continue into 2022. During this time, we will be doing some behind-the-scenes testing and validating for your specific PC. Windows Update will provide an indication if and when your PC is eligible. You can check by going to Settings/Windows Update. microsoft.comUpgrade to the New Windows 11 OS

What is Intel bridge technology?

Intel Bridge Technology is a runtime post-compiler that enables applications to run natively on x86-based devices, including running Android applications on Windows. This means that Windows 11 users running Intel Core CPUs will easily be able to run Android apps. India TVAndroid apps on Windows 11: Here’s how Intel made it possible

Nearly six years on from the release of Windows 10, Microsoft has finally unveiled the Windows 11 operating system, featuring a cleaner, more Mac-like design and a bunch of new features. Windows 11 will be available as a free download for existing Windows users during the 2021 holiday season, according to a Microsoft blog post published after a virtual event last week. However, new clues suggest that the update may actually arrive earlier. (Here's how to download Windows 11 once it's available, and everything you need to know about Windows 11.) 

The free upgrade will begin to roll out to eligible Windows 10 PCs around the holidays (which would suggest November or December), and will continue into 2022, the post said. No specific date was announced. But it appears that Microsoft and laptop retailers may be hinting at an earlier release time: October. 

When asked about the October hints, Microsoft said it had nothing to share.

To find out if your computer will be compatible with Windows 11, check out our guide here. And if you just can't wait for the final release, you can download the Windows 11 Insider Preview build now

If you haven't updated to Windows 10 yet, you can still take advantage of a trick for downloading Windows 10 free that still works. Now would be a good time to make the switch to prepare your machine for the Windows 11 upgrade. 

For more, check out the best new Windows 11 features and how to use them, and every big difference between Windows 10 and Windows 11

Stay current on the latest Microsoft news, plus reviews and advice on Windows PCs.

Read full article at CNET

Windows 11: Everything You Need to Know

Tom's Hardware 01 July, 2021 - 03:21pm

Microsoft corrects its Windows 11 minimum PC requirements, and makes us sad

PC Gamer 01 July, 2021 - 03:21pm

It's TPM 2.0 or nuthin' people. Like it or lump it.

Microsoft's Windows 11 does not explicitly support first-gen AMD Ryzen CPUs. But then nor does it support any Intel processor made before the Coffee Lake generation. So anything from the Ryzen 1000-series or 7th Gen Kaby Lake range isn't listed as a win for Windows 11.

The lists of supported Intel and AMD processors for Windows 11 are long, but not exhaustive. Originally it seemed as though this was the difference between something Microsoft called the 'hard floor' and the 'soft floor' in its Windows 11 Compatibility Cookbook.

That's the difference between definitely not being able to install Windows 11 and just not being advised to.

But late on Saturday Microsoft updated the page "to correct the guidance around the TPM requirements for Windows 11" and to remove all talk about hard and soft floors. Instead it simply reads:

"In order to run Windows 11, devices must meet the hardware specifications. Devices that do not meet the hardware requirements cannot be upgraded to Windows 11."

In its defence, that page does now give one definitive set of minimum hardware requirements for Windows 11, but the fact it's doubled down on Microsoft's assertion that the TPM 2.0 spec was an absolute must if you wanted to get yourself some sweet next-gen OS action is a little saddening.

The announcement of Windows 11 has been met with both interest and consternation. On the one hand, the excruciatingly earnest 'What's Next for Windows' livestream showed us a vision of Windows 11 as an open, good-looking update to Windows 10, with more than a penchant for gaming. And it's effectively free.

On the other, we had a Windows 11 Health Check app that seemed to be telling PC gamers, with monstrously powerful rigs, that their machines weren't up to the task of running Microsoft's next-gen operating system. 

So having a long list of supported CPUs, that seems to miss out any silicon not born longer than four years ago, is just another knife in the heart.

We've offered some help to those struggling with the Health Check app—hint: it's probably the TPM 2.0 switch in your BIOS. It's still worth mention that just because you're still rocking an unlisted eight-core, 16-thread Ryzen 7 1800X or quad-core, eight-thread Core i7 7700K, that doesn't mean Windows 11 won't run on your rig.

There will likely be workarounds, and we're still hopeful that Microsoft rows back a little on this entry requirement, because if it's limiting gaming features to Windows 11, and refusing to add them to future Windows 10 updates, then a lot of gamers stand to miss out.

In order to run Windows 11, devices must meet the hardware specifications. Devices that do not meet the hardware requirements cannot be upgraded to Windows 11.

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How to download and install Windows 11 right now

TechRadar 01 July, 2021 - 03:21pm

Windows 11 is now available for download to Windows Insiders as a preview build

There was a leaked build of the new operating system floating around a couple of weeks ago, but we would really, really stress that you don't go looking for it. Most of the sites claiming to have it are likely going to load up your system with malware instead, possibly even locking you out entirely with some good old fashioned ransomware. Save yourself the stress and Bitcoin payment and only download Windows 11 from Microsoft when it becomes available. After all, Holiday 2021 isn't that far away.

What's more, the Windows 11 download is going to be a free upgrade if you have Windows 10, so there's no reason to try and find a pirated version of an incomplete operating system. 

Microsoft has now also officially released an early version for Windows Insiders, which is a much safer way of trying out Windows 11 before the official release. However, as this is an early version, it's likely there will be bugs and incomplete features, so we only recommend installing Windows 11 on a secondary PC.

We know, waiting sucks, but when it is released you'll know how to download Windows 11 by following this handy little guide.

For a complete list of additional, non-essential requirements, check out Microsoft's Windows 11 specification page.

Before you begin, make sure your PC meets the Windows 11 minimum specifications listed above. If it does, you should then back up your PC before continuing.

This ensures that if anything goes wrong – and updating to an early version of a new operating system is full or risks – your important files and settings can at least be restored.

Once done, you'll need to sign up to the Windows Insider Program.

To do this, open up the Setting app and click on 'Update & Security', then 'Windows Insider Program'.

You may need to turn on optional diagnostic data to see this option. To do that go to  Settings > Privacy > Diagnostics & feedback and choose 'Optional diagnostic data'.

In the 'Windows Insider Program' window, click 'Get started' to join. From the window that appears, click 'Link an account' and pick your Microsoft Account and click 'Continue'.

At the moment, the Windows 11 Insider build is only available to people using the Dev Channel. This is meant for app developers, and gives people access to very early versions of Windows 11. Again, make sure you are happy to install what is likely to be quite an early build with various issues included.

If you just want a PC that works as normal, we'd avoid Windows 11 for now. However, if you really want to try out Windows 11, in the 'Pick your Insider settings' page that appears, select 'Dev Channel', then 'Confirm'.

Another window will appear with an explanation of what you can expect from this early build. As long as you are happy to proceed, click 'Confirm'.

You'll then need to restart your PC. Make sure everything is saved, and click 'Restart Now' on the window that appears.

Once you've restarted, open up the Windows Update app. You can do this by searching for 'Windows Update' in the search bar in the taskbar of Windows 10.

You can also open it by going to Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update.

In the window that appears, click 'Check for updates'. The Windows 11 Insider Preview build should appear, and you can download and install it as if it was a regular Windows 10 update.

The above steps upgrade your Windows 10 PC to Windows 11. However, if you want to install Windows 11 from scratch, you can download the Windows 11 Insider Preview ISO.

Make sure you are signed up to the Windows Insider Program and are in the Dev Channel (shown in steps 1 and 2 of this guide), then scroll to the bottom of the page.

Under 'Select edition' pick Windows 11. Once the ISO is downloaded, you'll need to make a bootable USB or DVD with it.

Follow our how to install Windows 10 via USB or DVD guide for more information. Although it is for installing Windows 10, the process for Windows 11 will be the same.

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Windows 11 release date, features and everything you need to know

TechRadar 01 July, 2021 - 03:21pm

The revolutionary Windows update is here

Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella made sure to tell everyone at the event that this was the first version of a new era for Windows.

A very early build of Windows 11 had leaked before the event, showcasing a refreshed look and a new name, we finally got to see the new user interface and new features officially. Now though, the test build has been released to Insiders, ready to give the company feedback.

While Microsoft had in the past said that Windows 10 was going to be the only version of its operating system for years to come, it's now been around for six years, and this new update brings significant features to help justify the jump to a new number.

With a refreshed look, widgets, a new focus on gaming and more, there's plenty in Windows 11 that makes it a substantial update over Windows 10.

Read on to find out everything we've found, and the release date for Windows 11.

Microsoft says Windows 11 will be out "this holiday season" – so likely sometime between late November and Christmas. 

There is also going to be a yearly update of the new operating system, similar to Apple's efforts with macOS.

While Microsoft released a tool that allowed you to see if your desktop PC or laptop will be able to run Windows 11, it was confirmed to be buggy, giving erroneous results for machines that would have no problem in running the update.

However, another tool has been released which gives you much clearer detail for how eligible for PC is.

It looks as though Microsoft are hinting at a release for Windows 11 in October. Countless screenshots have the date of October 20, alongside messages that state how many are looking forward to "turning it up to 11 in October!"

Now that Microsoft have released the test build, named 22000.51 for Windows Insiders on the developer or beta channel, we have a handy guide in how to download it.

Before you do though, the best point of call would be to make sure that your PC is enrolled for Microsoft's Insider Program first, as long as it meets the requirements.

There's been a lot of discussion as to which devices are eligible for Windows 11. Regardless of the TPM requirement, others are simply wondering if they need to look to upgrade their PC or laptop soon.

For now, Microsoft have published the requirements for the update, but they are subject to change as we near release and the company take feedback on board.

Windows 11 will be a free update for existing Windows users – you'll need to be online to download, install and activate Home versions, and you'll need to have a Microsoft account when installing it on or upgrading your PC or tablet.

So far Microsoft have released the hardware requirements for Windows 11, but there's confusion over TPM (Trusted Platform Module) and whether the company are pushing hard over the minimum threshold for which devices are eligible to be updated to the new version.

While we've got a handy explainer for you that goes into TPM, hardware vendors can still offer new machines with Windows 11 that won't need this requirement, albeit with good reason to.

There are improvements across the board in Windows 11, with Microsoft promising that updates will be 40% smaller, and touting Windows 11 as "the most secure release yet".

Another feature is Snap Groups, where you can go back to previously snapped windows from the dock, so for example you can go to your email app, Edge browser windows or anything else without having to snap them back to the previous view again.

There's also improved multi-monitor support, so when you reconnect an external monitor, Windows 11 remembers the previous positions of the windows that were on that monitor.

Teams is also integrated to the dock, so you can easily join in with meetings and family calls. This looks like the first inkling of Skype disappearing from Windows, especially with the Skype sounds being heard in the demo when a call was incoming.

The Microsoft Store is finally seeing a redesign, with better-curated content, and a better options for managing your purchased shows, such as mirroring them to your television. Apps such as Disney+, Adobe Creative Cloud, Pinterest and more are already in this redesigned store for Windows 11, ready to go.

WPA, EWP and Win32 apps are now all in the Microsoft Store, ready to go. If a developer has a commerce engine, they can keep 100% of the revenue brought from the Microsoft Store.

Android apps are also ready for Windows 11, discoverable from the Microsoft Store, via Amazon App Store, so you can download TikTok and more, ready to use on your PC or tablet.

The new store opens up possibilities for other applications to arrive in Windows 11, even Apple's iMessage, which could follow iTunes and Safari.

One of the biggest changes users will notice is that the Start menu has been moved to the center of the screen – and it's now "cloud powered", so it dynamically changes depending on the time of day, and the content you're working with.

Light Mode and Dark Mode are official, with rounded corners and a unified design across the operating system, with colorful wallpapers to choose from as well.

There are also some windows that look Aero-esque from Windows Vista, showing you bite-sized information.

Windows Widgets are back in Windows 11, accessible via the dock, with Microsoft touting AI-powered dynamic features that enable widgets, as with the Start menu, to change depending on the apps you're using and the time of day. On the touchscreen, you can slide from the left on the desktop to have widgets appear.

There are plenty to choose from, such as the weather, Bing maps, news, and more.

These will be available for third-parties as well, so you may see as many widgets available to pick as there are on Apple's iOS and iPadOS operating systems.

Tablet mode has been one of Windows' weaker points ever since Windows 8, and the new tablet features that Microsoft showed off for Windows 11 could be key to the operating system's fortunes, especially with future Surface products in the pipeline from Microsoft – to have a new, numbered operating system for its upcoming tablets could be a big selling point for new users.

At the event, Microsoft touted bigger touch targets and easier ways to move windows around, and better rotate optimizations, for example in how windows are rearranged, so you don't lose track of the applications you were using.

Gestures used with the trackpad of the Surface models are also coming to the touchscreen, bringing in some familiarity here. Haptics is also coming to Windows 11 when you use a stylus for better feedback when drawing or sketching.

The touch keyboard has also been redesigned, with a smaller keyboard just for your thumb, and emojis ready to be used. Microsoft says dictation will also be improved, alongside voice commands, with 'delete that' options and more. 

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Microsoft Office is getting a Fluent design makeover on Windows 11 and Windows 10

XDA Developers 01 July, 2021 - 03:21pm

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Update 1 (06/28/2021 @ 04:04 PM ET): Microsoft has shared more details on the visual refresh of its Office apps, coming to both Windows 11 and Windows 10. Click here for more information. The article, as published on June 25, 2021, is preserved below.

On Thursday, Microsoft finally took the curtains off Windows 11, the biggest update in years to the most popular PC operating system. The new update brings substantial changes across the board, including new snap layouts and groups for better multi-tasking, revamped Microsoft Store, support for Android apps, a universal mute button, and much more.

The most exciting and immediately noticeable change is the refreshed UI which looks much modern than Windows 10. This is in large part thanks to the new Fluent design, which Microsoft has been working on since 2017. Microsoft has slowly been transitioning elements of Windows 10 with the new design language. With Windows 11, we’re seeing broader adoption of the new Fluent design across the system interface and primary applications. Microsoft Office suite is one of the areas where this new redesign is quite apparent.

Microsoft detailed in a blog post some of the UI changes coming to Microsoft Office apps. As you can see in the images below, the classic ribbon interface is gone and has been replaced by a collapsible ribbon menu. Corners are also more rounded, and Office now syncs with the default system theme, including dark mode. Microsoft teased these UI changes last year, and they’re finally going live in Windows 11.

Elsewhere, Windows 11 also introduces a new centered Start menu which looks a lot like Chrome OS’s app launcher, better support for external monitors, a new widgets pane, and so on.

The first build of Windows 11 will be made available to Windows Insiders next week, with the public rollout set to happen by the end of 2021. It will be a free upgrade for Windows 10 users, and you can check out the system requirements and whether or not your PC is eligible for the update here. Meanwhile, you can check out the list of compatible CPUs for Windows 11 here.

In a new blog post, Microsoft detailed the visual refresh coming to Office desktop apps. The first Windows 11 Insider Preview build went live earlier today, and in alignment with this release, Microsoft said it is releasing an Office visual refresh that shines on the new OS but will also be available to users on Windows 10.

Microsoft’s Fluent Design principles are being applied across the Office desktop app suite, including Word, Excel, PowerPoint, OneNote, Outlook, Access, Project, Publisher, and Visio. The new design will be automatically available to any Office Insiders running Beta channel builds (Version 2107 Build 14228.20000 or later). Users can opt out of the visual refresh by clicking the megaphone icon in the top right corner to open the “Coming Soon” pane. This “Coming Soon” pane is only available in Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote and is not available in Access, Project, Publisher, or Visio, however. The visual refresh is synced between your Office apps, so if you turn it on in Word, Excel, PowerPoint, or OneNote, it’ll be available in Access, Project, Publisher, Visio, and Outlook. Although the visual refresh toggle is available in Outlook, Microsoft says the toggle doesn’t work right now.

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Microsoft explains why you'll need a TPM for Windows 11

PCWorld 01 July, 2021 - 03:21pm

Microsoft’s hardware requirements for Windows 11 have been undoubtedly confusing, with users questioning why they need both an 8th-gen Intel Core CPU and TPM functionality to upgrade to Windows 11. Microsoft has attempted to answer the question.

In a blog post, David Weston, director of enterprise and OS security for Microsoft, explained that TPMs (Trusted Platform Modules) are part and parcel of Microsoft’s response to a growing level of cybercrime, including phishing and ransomware. PCs with TPMs inside offer a greater level of protection from those attacks, Weston wrote.

Weston explained that Microsoft has helped push the PC platform forward from 2019’s secured-core PCs, which began combining hardware and firmware protections with virtualization. But Microsoft needs a more solid foundation for the future, and TPMs enable that, Weston wrote. All new Windows 11 PCs will ship with a TPM 2.0 inside, he said.

“PCs of the future need this modern hardware root-of-trust to help protect from both common and sophisticated attacks like ransomware and more sophisticated attacks from nation-states,” Weston wrote. “Requiring the TPM 2.0 elevates the standard for hardware security by requiring that built-in root-of-trust.”

In the future, Weston added, you’ll see PCs with the Pluton technology, which Microsoft co-developed with AMD, integrated into AMD, Intel, and Qualcomm CPUs for the PC. Pluton further integrates the TPM into the PC’s microprocessor, establishing a secured channel to Microsoft’s Azure cloud for secured Windows updates and firmware updates, too.

The Trusted Platform Module (TPM) is a chip that is either integrated into your PC’s motherboard or added separately into the CPU, Weston explained. Its purpose is to help protect encryption keys, user credentials, and other sensitive data behind a hardware barrier so that malware and attackers can’t access or tamper with that data. TPMs can be discrete chips on a PC’s motherboard, but more recently they’re been directly integrated into the CPU itself as a logic block.

Knowing the differences between a TPM 1.0 chip and a TPM 2.0 chip aren’t really necessary for the enthusiast PC owner, but Microsoft points out several differences: TPM 2.0 supports more sophisticated cryptographic algorithms, provides a more standardized experience, and, most importantly, can be integrated into a CPU.

In a Twitter post on Thursday, Weston pointed out that almost every CPU in the last five years includes a TPM, either called the Intel PTT, or the AMD PSP fTPM. Microsoft has required such a TPM to certify PCs since at least 2015. However, you may need to go into your BIOS and enable that functionality. Robert Hallock, director of technical marketing at AMD, also noted that most PCs already support a first-gen TPM.

Microsoft’s upgrade process for Windows 11 has been confusing on several fronts. First, the requirements for upgrading haven’t been made clear. As ZDNet noted, there are actually two tiers of Windows 11 compatibility: a “soft floor” where a user’s PC includes a TPM 2.0, and a “hard floor” where the PC only has a TPM 1.0, a dual-core CPU, and 4GB of RAM.

The “hard floor” is the minimum configuration mentioned earlier: If your PC doesn’t meet those specifications, you won’t receive Windows 11. Devices that meet the “soft floor” will receive a notification that a Windows 11 upgrade is not advised. But Microsoft also leaves the definition of a “soft floor” PC exceptionally vague, and leaves open the possibility that even a PC with TPM 2.0 functionality inside of it might not receive Microsoft’s recommendation to upgrade to Windows 11.

That’s the second area where Microsoft could improve: the PC Health Check app. If you’ve tried to run the app to check whether your PC is eligible to upgrade to Windows 11, and Health Check has told you that it’s not, it’s not clear whether your device doesn’t meet the “hard floor” minimum requirements, or Microsoft is simply telling you that the upgrade is not advised. Microsoft is promising revisions to the Health Check app to clear up the confusion.

Clearly, security is becoming more tightly integrated into PCs, with more sophisticated methods of combating malware. What we’re seeing is a clash between the ideology of the PC—that, essentially, it will run forever—and Microsoft’s contention that older hardware needs to be jettisoned for security’s sake. Microsoft certainly could have done a better job of preparing us for this shift, but at least those who can’t be upgraded to Windows 11 will be able to run Windows 10 until 2025

As PCWorld's senior editor, Mark focuses on Microsoft news and chip technology, among other beats.

PCWorld helps you navigate the PC ecosystem to find the products you want and the advice you need to get the job done.

Windows 11 FAQ: Answers to your most burning questions

PCWorld 01 July, 2021 - 03:21pm

Windows 11 is nearly here. Microsoft has formally announced Windows 11, and we've already seen it as a leaked build. 

Every new operating system brings many questions. We're starting here with the answers we know, and we’ll update this list of frequently asked questions (FAQ) as we learn more. To find everything we know about Windows, check out our Windows 11 comprehensive guide, with news, tips, reviews, and more.

Windows 11 is the name of the next major revision to Windows 10, different enough that it justified a new brand name and not just another feature update.  Microsoft launched Windows 11 on June 24

Microsoft announced Windows 11 at an event on June 24, at 11 a.m. ET (get it?). 

Windows 11 will be made available to Windows Insiders sometime on the week of June 28, then made available to the public at large this fall, or closer to holiday 2021. We know that the first Windows 11 PCs will ship this fall, but Windows 10-to-Windows 11 upgrades will have to wait until 2022, according to Microsoft.

If you’re wondering whether you’ll be able to opt out of Windows 11—the answer is, surprisingly, yes. Microsoft appears to be placing some fairly substantial hardware requirements on Windows 11, and if your PC doesn't meet them, you won't be allowed to upgrade. (Don't worry, you can stay on Windows 10 until Microsoft retires it in 2025.)

How do I get Windows 11?

Windows 11 is being released as a beta, part of the Windows Insider program. You'll need to be part of the Windows Insider program (here's how to become a Windows Insider), then use Windows Update to download the beta from the Dev Channel. Confused? Here's how to get Windows 11.

Some of you may be wondering what Windows 11 will cost. We’d expect the price for a standalone version of the operating system to be around the current price of Windows 10:  $110 for Windows 11 Home, and $150 for Windows 11 Pro. (Here’s how to get Windows 10 for even cheaper.) But Microsoft says that Windows 11 will be a free upgrade to Windows 10. Remember, Microsoft likes to hook people by lowering the price of the operating system, and then trying to sell them on services, like Microsoft 365 or the Xbox Game Pass.

Microsoft refers to Windows 10 Home and Windows 10 Pro as different editions of Windows 10, and it’s likely that we’ll see a Windows 11 Home and Windows 11 Pro, too. (Here are five reasons to get Windows 10 Pro.)  At one time, we thought Microsoft might tap the powers of virtualization to make Windows 10 Pro a true enthusiast operating system. So far, it hasn’t happened.

Microsoft will also release a Windows 11 version of Windows 10 S, called Windows 11 Home in S Mode.

Thanks to our time trying a leaked version of Windows 11, we've already seen some major changes to Windows 11 from Windows 10. It starts with a new user interface applied over the top of what still looks a lot like Windows 10. There's a more compact, centered Taskbar and Start Menu. We also noticed updated icon designs and other visual tweaks.

You can see a visual tour of Windows 11 in our hands-on with the official build of Windows 11, too.

Microsoft also revealed some major new changes for Windows 11 that we haven't seen before. 

Microsoft has always said that it plans to end support for Windows 10 in 2025, and that’s still the case. If Microsoft sees Windows 11 as a replacement for Windows 10, and a free one, we’d expect your PC will upgrade to Windows 11 automatically, whenever Microsoft is ready to deploy the new operating system. 

What about that Microsoft pledge that Windows 10 would be the “last Windows?” As it turns out, that wasn't exactly the case. We still believe, however, that Microsoft will keep updating and patching Windows, whatever it's called. Windows is just Windows.

Microsoft periodically updates the minimum hardware requirements for its operating system. (Here are the system requirements for Windows 10, which include a 1GHz CPU or better, 2GB of RAM, and so on.) 

Windows 11's hardware requirements are the new operating system's most dramatic change. You'll need at least an 8th-gen Intel Core CPU or Ryzen 2000, and older processors are out of luck. Microsoft is even saying no to its older Surface devices. Windows 11 also requires a Trusted Platform Module (TPM), specifically a TPM 2.0 module that's typically integrated into the CPU. Here's why Windows 11 requires a TPM, according to Microsoft. 

In the short term, yes. You can join the Windows Insider program, select the Dev Channel, and Microsoft may waive the hardware requirements during the Windows 11 preview program. But once Windows 11 releases to general availability, Microsoft has said that PCs that don't meet the hardware requirements will be forced to run Windows 10, instead. 

So far, we haven’t seen any, but Microsoft may add more later.

As PCWorld's senior editor, Mark focuses on Microsoft news and chip technology, among other beats.

PCWorld helps you navigate the PC ecosystem to find the products you want and the advice you need to get the job done.

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