By CAPosts 02 December, 2020 - 12:12am 84 views
The President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez (c), along with his second vice president, Pablo Iglesias (d); The Vice President of Economic Affairs, Nadia Calviño (2i), this Wednesday at the Almudaina Palace in Palma de Mallorca. Chema Moya / EFE
The Government's digitization plans take shape little by little, at least in theory. This Wednesday he presents the National Artificial Intelligence Strategy, an area in which he has been working since March and whose initial deadlines to complete it have been disrupted by the pandemic. At 11 in the morning at the La Moncloa Palace, the President of the Executive, Pedro Sánchez, the Third Vice President and Minister of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation, Nadia Calviño, and a group of experts will present the fundamental lines of a plan equipped with an investment of 330 million euros, although the budgets are still pending approval by Congress. Together with the Charter of Digital Rights and the promotion of connectivity, 5G and cybersecurity, it is part of the Spain Digital 2025 agenda, exposed on July 23.
In the absence of knowing the final document, the Strategy must address aspects as central issues such as the economy and governance of data - indispensable for artificial intelligence to extract its full potential -, ethical issues, supercomputing, the development of natural language tools, and the transparency and sustainability of algorithms. “It is a historic opportunity to rebuild the economy. In order to be able, through digitization, to be a more moderate and inclusive economy, to be in an advantageous position in new technologies and to generate quality employment. It is an opportunity, a technological revolution, which we should not miss as a country, ”said Carme Artigas, Secretary of State for Digitalization and Artificial Intelligence at an event last Friday.
The digital path undertaken by the Executive responds, apart from the intentions repeated on countless occasions by Sánchez, who places the digital in one of the central axes of the Government, to the future proposed by the European Commission in February, when he unveiled the master lines of innovation and digitization policies. The European Union wants to compete against the two countries that currently dominate artificial intelligence: China and the United States. The intention, although sometimes not clearly stated, is to recover the technological sovereignty lost during this industrial revolution. The president of the Commission, Ursula Von der Leyen, committed more than 20,000 million euros in the next decade to lead the race of artificial intelligence.
According to the Government's forecasts, the digital economy can account for 19% of the Product Gross Interior (GDP), which would leave construction as the only sector that would contribute the most to the country's wealth. No minister specifies when this percentage would be reached or what the volume of investment should be to achieve it , they simply reiterate that the transformation must mark the set of policies approved in this legislature. And artificial intelligence will be one of the spearheads. "This Strategy aims to align national policies aimed at promoting the development and use of artificial intelligence in Spain, increasing investment, reinforcing excellence in technologies and their applications, and strengthening collaboration between the public and private sectors", argue from the Ministry of Science and Innovation.
The French mirror
The political instability experienced in Spain for two years has not contributed to the crystallization of projects such as the one to be presented this Wednesday. However, France has been clear since 2018 that artificial intelligence is called to lead the economy of this decade. Its plan has 1,500 million public euros until 2022 and aims to promote both research and new business areas . "It is good because it creates opportunities and because I believe that there is no possibility of trying to control its perverse effects if we lose the battle from the beginning, if we are not an actor in this adventure," said the President of the French Republic, Emmanuel Macron, in his presentation.
The challenge facing the Executive goes beyond being consistent with the guidelines established in its plan, as well as not leaving fringes that could hinder its development. A study by Ipsos reveals that more than half of Spanish companies do not have the slightest intention of betting on artificial intelligence . The report concludes that 44% identify the complexity of the algorithms and the consequent difficulties to understand and trust them as part of the problem. And external barriers, such as the lack of regulation, data and public funding, although less decisive, also contribute to slowing down adoption.
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