By CAPosts 02 December, 2020 - 06:37am 89 views
The Government will allocate 600 million euros to promote artificial intelligence over the next five years. In the presentation this Wednesday of the national strategy, the President of the Executive, Pedro Sánchez, has promised to promote some thirty measures that make Spain a benchmark in this technology . Although he has not detailed any of them, he has explained that the economic and social transversality of artificial intelligence forces it to be placed at the center of the public agenda, especially due to the growth expected throughout this decade. According to the consulting firm PwC, in 2030 it will contribute 14 trillion euros to world GDP, when two years ago it barely exceeded 1.7 billion
The strategy, which is part of the Spain Digital 2025 plan presented at the end of July , aims to contribute to the four transformations repeated repeatedly by Sánchez since the beginning of the legislature: ecological, digital, gender equality, and social and territorial cohesion. As explained, artificial intelligence faces such an exponential leap in the short term that both societies and the economy are going to change profoundly; and it's time to be prepared as soon as possible. “Artificial intelligence poses a challenge for everyone, including public administrations and citizens as a whole. We need to have the necessary adaptation capacity and to tackle such a major challenge with equity and efficiency. ”
The master lines of the plan are based on six objectives, all aligned with the 2030 Agenda and some recommendations of the Organization for Cooperation and Development Economics (OECD) - which range from projecting Spanish as a reference language for artificial intelligence to promoting qualified employment -. To shape the theory, the Government will center its proposals around the six axes detailed in the strategy: promoting technological and innovative development; enhance national talent and attract abroad; create data platforms that support this technology; integrate artificial intelligence at all levels of the value chain; digitize the Administration through automation; and create an ethical and regulatory framework that reinforces individual rights and freedoms.
Precisely, this last aspect, which will have eight million euros of public investment, is especially relevant due to the constant doubts that this technology offers. Not only because of the fear of a good part of the workers to lose their job or because of the impact it has on certain economic sectors, but also because of the opacity shown in the programming of the algorithms, the distortion of reality they cause and social discrimination they have generated . “It raises a lot of fears and insecurities in all of us. The widespread use has multiple ethical and moral implications. It requires processes and control mechanisms that protect values, freedoms, principles and rights. That they protect our privacy, ”said Sánchez.
Although the plan is written in a Spanish key, the Executive ensures that it is aligned with the policies promulgated by the European Union, which intend to compete with China and the United States, clear dominators of the world's artificial intelligence. The president of the Commission, Ursula Von der Leyen, committed in February more than 20,000 million euros in the next decade with the intention of leading this race . A project that, in Sánchez's opinion, is one of the most ambitious in history in terms of economic restructuring for both Spain and Europe.
However, if we compare the funds allocated to artificial intelligence by the Government, greatly increased by the aid approved in July by the European Council to alleviate the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus - Spain corresponds to 140,000 million euros - with those from neighboring countries, such as France, fall short. The President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron, raised the investment to 1,500 million euros for a period of four years, which ends in 2022. “It is good because it creates opportunities and because I think there is no possibility of trying to control its perverse effects if we lose the battle from the beginning, if we are not an actor in this adventure, "said Macron.
With the presentation of the national strategy, in which different experts have intervened, such as Pilar Manchón, senior director of AI research strategy at Google or Rafael Yuste, neurobiologist driving the BRAIN project in the United States, and attended by the vice president and Minister of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation, Nadia Calviño; the Minister of Education and Vocational Training, Isabel Celaá; the Minister of Industry, Commerce and Tourism, Reyes Maroto; and the Minister of Science and Innovation, Pedro Duque, the Government makes clear its intentions, at least on paper, to incorporate artificial intelligence into part of its policies. "This is a fundamental step in the commitment to the digital transformation of the economy and society through the development of disruptive technologies with high added value," concluded Sánchez.